SUKETAKAYA TAKASUKE III

Stage names:

Suketakaya Takasuke III In Japanese
Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ V In Japanese
Sawamura S˘jűr˘ V In Japanese
Sawamura Tossh˘ I In Japanese
Sawamura Gennosuke II In Japanese
Sawamura Genpei I In Japanese

Other name:

Sawamura Tosshi V In Japanese

Guild: Kinokuniya

Line number: GODAIME (V)

Poetry names: K˘ga, Tosshi (5)

Blazon: the syllabic ideogram "i" in a circle [in Japanese: ]

Existence: 1802 ~ 15th day of the 11th lunar month of 1853 [1]

Connections:

Adoptive father: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ IV

Brother (and disciple): Sawamura Gennosuke III

Sons: Suketakaya Takasuke IV, Sawamura Tanosuke III

Grandson: Sawamura Yoshijir˘ II

Career:

1802 ~ 1807: born in Edo. His father Hamazaki Ch˘kichi was a dekata at the shibai jaya Izumiya, located in the Ichimuraza. His mother was the daughter of a farmer living in the district of Kameido. He became a disciple of Sawamura Gennosuke I, who adopted him a few years later.

11th lunar month of 1807: first stage appearance at the Ichimuraza, where he received the name of Sawamura Genpei I.

8th day of the 12th lunar month of 1812 [2]: his adoptive father Sawamura S˘jűr˘ IV died.

11th lunar month of 1817: Sawamura Genpei I took the name of Sawamura Gennosuke II at the Nakamuraza, playing in the kaomise drama "Hana to Yuki Wag˘ Taiheiki", which also celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsuemon I, Matsumoto Goroichi and Band˘ Hidesuke.

1819: tour in the Northeastern provinces.

1820: tour in Nagoya and Ise; then Gennosuke settled in ďsaka.

6th lunar month of 1821: Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure", commonly called "Shirafuji Genta", was revived for the first time, 11 years and 3 months after its premiere in Edo, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Gennosuke played the role of Tomihachi [casting].

Fall 1828: Gennosuke went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1828: Gennosuke performed at the Kawarazakiza in Mimasuya Nis˘ji's kaomise drama "Sakigake Genji no Kibamusha", which welcomed in Edo the actors Arashi Danpachi and Yoshizawa Enjir˘; his yearly salary was 510 ry˘.

1st lunar month of 1830: Gennosuke's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1830: Gennosuke plays 6 roles [3] at the Kawarazakiza in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" [print].

5th lunar month of 1830: Gennosuke plays 11 roles [4] at the Kawarazakiza in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

5th lunar month of 1831: Gennosuke played at the Kawarazakiza the role of Ofuna in the drama "Shinrei Yaguchi no Watashi". He created the definitive kata for this role; the role of Ofuna's father Tonbŕ was played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII.

11th lunar month of 1831: Sawamura Gennosuke II took the name of Sawamura Tossh˘ I at the Kawarazakiza, performing in the kaomise drama "Matsu o Chikara Tomoe no Fujinami".

2nd lunar month of 1834: Tossh˘ went to ďsaka for a few months, after the destruction of Edo in a giant fire.

6th lunar month of 1834: Tossh˘ went back to Edo.

1st lunar month of 1835: Tossh˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was hakushi-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost unique - superior - superior - excellent).

8th lunar month of 1835: Tossh˘ achieved a great success at the Moritaza playing 7 roles [5] in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Moritaza of the Kiyomoto-based dance-drama "Kurama Jishi Oshie no Hinagata", which starred Tossh˘, Onoe Kikujir˘ II and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V [more details].

11th lunar month of 1837: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's Tokiwazu-based hengemono "Kube Kiyoi Kumo no Itosuji", which was staged at the end of the kaomise drama "Kanzen Ch˘aku Tsuwamono no Kao Kagami". It starred Iwai Shijaku I and Tossh˘ [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1839: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the dance program "Shiki no Nagame Maru-ni-I no Toshi", which was made up of four dances dedicated to the four seasons and starred Tossh˘, supported by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII [more details].

9th lunar month of 1839: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the Kiyomoto-based dance "Shimero Yare Iro no Kakegoe", which is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire under the title "Kanda Matsuri". It starred Tossh˘, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Onoe Eizabur˘ III.

1840: Tossh˘ became zagashira at the Nakamuraza.

8th lunar month of 1840: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi", a revised version of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Hakata Kojor˘ Nami Makura"; Tossh˘ played the role of Komatsuya S˘shichi [casting].

10th lunar month of 1842: Tossh˘ took part in the opening ceremony of the newly-built Nakamuraza in the district of Asakusa Saruwaka-ch˘, performing in the drama "Kinryűzan Chikai no Ishizue", which was produced by Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII; his stage partners are Iwai Tojaku, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Onoe Eizabur˘ III, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Osagawa Tsuneyo IV, Arashi Izabur˘ II and Ichikawa Danzabur˘ V.

7th lunar month of 1844: Sawamura Tossh˘ I took the name of Sawamura S˘jűr˘ V at the Ichimuraza, performing in the drama "Sawamura Sakisomete Yoshibei".

1st lunar month of 1848: S˘jűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent). He was also the kanjiku for tachiyaku actors.

11th lunar month of 1848: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ V took the name of Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ V at the Nakamuraza.

9th lunar month of 1851: Ch˘jűr˘ played at the Kawarazakiza the role of Shigenoi in the drama "Shigenoi Kowakare"; the role of Shigenoi's son Sankichi was played by Ch˘jűr˘'s son Sawamura Yoshijir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1852: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's drama "Satomi Hakkenden"; Ch˘jűr˘ played the roles of Yamabayashi Fusahachi, Inusaka Keno, the ghost of Yatsufusa and Inuyama D˘setsu [casting].

10th lunar month of 1852: Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ V took the name of Suketakaya Takasuke III.

9th lunar month of 1853: Takasuke performed in Nagoya at the Tachibana no Shibai but he suddenly fell ill. He went back to Edo but could not recover.

15th day of the 11th lunar month of 1853 [1]: Takasuke died in Edo.

Comments:

Suketakaya Takasuke III was an outstanding tachiyaku, who covered himself in glory in both Edo and the Kamigata theaters. When he was young, he received the patronage of stars like Onoe Kikugor˘ III or Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, who wanted to make an actor of him. He made a dazzling career, reaching the j˘-j˘-kichi and dai-j˘-j˘-kichi ranks in 1830 and 1848. The wajitsu roles were his forte. He was also able to play onnagata roles and had the reputation to be an excellent dancer, a refined poet and a master of tea ceremony.

"The fifth Sawamura S˘jűr˘ was the son of a servant in a chaya of the Ichimuraza, and his mother was the daughter of a farmer living at Kameido, a district famous for its wisteria garden. He seems to have been a pet of all the actors, and became a pupil of the fourth S˘jűr˘, who died at the age of 21. The third Onoe Kikugor˘ said he would make an actor of him. Matsumoto K˘shir˘ also lent him his patronage, and took him to ďsaka where he remained to study. S˘jűr˘, the fifth, had four daughters, and two sons, one of whom, the third Tanosuke, became a star of the Meiji period." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 15th day of the 11th lunar month of the 6th year of the Kaei era was the 15th of December 1853 in the western calendar.

[2] The 8th day of the 12th lunar month of the 9th year of the Bunka era was the 10th of January 1813 in the western calendar.

[3] The 6 roles were Kawagoe Tar˘ Shigeyori, Yasuke (in reality Taira no Koremori), Igami no Gonta, Tokaiya Ginpei (in reality Taira no Tomomori), the fox Tadanobu and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan (in reality Taira no Noritsune).

[4] The 11 roles were Ko no Moron˘, Kakogawa Honz˘, Hayano Kanpei, Ono no Sadakur˘, the farmer Yoichibŕ, Honz˘'s wife Tonase, Amakawaya Gihei, Igo, Dekisaku, Teraoka Heiemon and ďboshi Yuranosuke.

[5] The 7 roles were En'ya Hangan, Hayano Kanpei, Amakawaya Gihei, Yajibei, Kisuke, Teraoka Heiemon and Honz˘'s wife Tonase.

Suketakaya Takasuke III in the costum of the role of Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura" (shinie made by Utagawa Toyokuni III in 1853)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1830

Print made by Utagawa Kuniyoshi in 1832

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1832

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1833

Print made by Utagawa Kuniyoshi in 1834

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1835

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1840

Print made by Utagawa Kuniyoshi in 1847

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1847~1852

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1850

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1851

Print made by Utagawa Kuniyoshi in 1851

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1853

Print made by Utagawa Kuniyoshi

The Sawamura Tosshi line of actors

The Sawamura Genpei line of actors

The Sawamura Gennosuke line of actors

The Sawamura Tossh˘ line of actors

The Sawamura S˘jűr˘ line of actors

The Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ line of actors

The Suketakaya Takasuke line of actors

 
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