|NAKAMURA KANZABURď XII|
Nakamura Kankur˘ III
Line number: J█NIDAIME (XII)
Existence: 1800 ~ 11th day of the 10th lunar month of 1851
Great-great-great-grandfather: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I
Great-great-grandfather: Nakamura Kankur˘ I
Great-grandfather: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ VI
Father: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XI
Brother: Nakamura Katsujűr˘ II
Brother-in-law: Nakamura Denkur˘ IV
Sons: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII, Nakamura Jusabur˘ II
Grandson: Nakamura Akashi V (Kanzabur˘ XV)
Great-granddaughter: Nakamura Fujiko (Kanzabur˘ XVI)
1800 ~ 1808: born in Edo. Younger son of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XI, he makes his first stage appearance at an unknown date and receives the name of Nakamura Akashi IV.
6th lunar month of 1808: Akashi plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Shigeichi in the drama "Gempei Nunobiki no Taki".
9th lunar month of 1812: the actor Nakamura Utaemon III, who is about to travel back to his native Kamigata after more than 4 years spent in Edo, performs his onagori ky˘gen at the Nakamuraza, which includes the premiere of a sambas˘ titled "Mata Kuru Haru Suzuna no Tanemaki". The roles of Sambas˘, Senzai and Okina were performed by Nakamura Utaemon III, Akashi and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ IV.
11th lunar month of 1814: Nakamura Akashi IV takes the name of Nakamura Denkur˘ V.
1st lunar month of 1815: Denkur˘ achieves a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the role of Kobayashi no Asahina in the drama "Date Moy˘ Soga no Hinagata"; This role is closely associated to the great actor Nakamura Denkur˘ I.
3rd lunar month of 1829: Denkur˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Kamei Rokur˘ in the classic "Yoshitsune Sembon Zakura". The 21st of March, a a fire breaks out from the shop of Owariya Tokuemon, in the district of Kanda Sakuma-ch˘. It spreads and destroys the Edo theaters district. The Nakamuraza is burnt to ashes.
7th lunar month of 1829: the Nakamura clan temporarily settles its theater in the precinct of the Hanazono shrine in the district of Shinjuku.
8th lunar month of 1829: his father Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XI dies.
11th lunar month of 1829: Nakamura Denkur˘ V takes the name of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII and becomes the new official zamoto of the Nakamuraza. He produces the drama "Kin no Zai Sarushima Dairi" with the ators Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, Segawa Kikunoj˘ V, Nakamura Shikan II, Mimasu Gennosuke I, Arashi Kanjűr˘ I and Sakata Hangor˘ IV.
6th lunar month of 1830: Kanzabur˘ appears on stage as an actor for the last time, playing 4 roles in the drama "Minami ni Kuriki no Mushib˘shi", which is staged in his theater.
20th day of the 10th lunar month of 1841: the Edo authorities forbid the reconstruction of the destroyed theaters in Sakai-ch˘.
7th lunar month of 1842: the construction of the new Nakamuraza is completed.
10th lunar month of 1842: opening ceremony for the new Nakamuraza; Kanzabur˘ produces the drama "Kinryűzan Chikai no Ishizue" with the actors Iwai Tojaku, Sawamura Tossh˘ II, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Onoe Eizabur˘ III, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Osagawa Tsuneyo IV, Arashi Izabur˘ II and Ichikawa Danzabur˘ V.
1843: Kanzabur˘ is condemned by the Edo Authorities for falsification of documents related to the number of shibai jaya in his theater. As a punishment, he is handcuffed at home and his theater is temporarily closed (no kaomise in the 11th lunar month).
3rd lunar month of 1844: end of punishment for Kanzabur˘, who has to pay a heavy fine in order to get his handcuffs removed. He produces the drama "Sugata no Hana Yayoi no Kagamiyama", which celebrates the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ VII, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VI and Ichikawa Komaz˘ VII.
4th lunar month of 1850: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII gives his name to his son Nakamura Denz˘ III (who becomes Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII) and retires, taking the name of Nakamura Kankur˘ III.
Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII was the last great zamoto of the Nakamuraza. He succeeded in keeping the family business up and running for 20 seasons, in spite of the heavy burden of the theater debts, several fires that burnt his theater to ashes or the anti-theater regulations of the Edo authorities.
Nakamura Denkur˘ V in the backstage of the Nakamuraza in the 1st lunar month of 1816 (print made by Utagawa Kunisada I)
The Nakamura Denkur˘ line of actors and theater managers
The Nakamura Kanzabur˘ line of actors and theater managers
The Nakamura Kankur˘ line of actors and theater managers
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