NAKAMURA KANZABURď XII

Stage names:

Nakamura Kankur˘ III
Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII
Nakamura Denkur˘ V
Nakamura Akashi IV

Guild: Nakamuraya

Line number: J█NIDAIME (XII)

Existence: 1800 ~ 11th day of the 10th lunar month of 1851

Connections:

Great-great-great-grandfather: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I

Great-great-grandfather: Nakamura Kankur˘ I

Great-grandfather: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ VI

Grandfathers: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ VIII, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II

Father: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XI

Brother: Nakamura Katsujűr˘ II

Brother-in-law: Nakamura Denkur˘ IV

Sons: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII, Nakamura Jusabur˘ II

Son-in-laws: Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII, Nakamura Nakaz˘ III

Grandson: Nakamura Akashi V (Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XV)

Great-granddaughter: Nakamura Fujiko (Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVI)

Career:

1800 ~ 1808: born in Edo. Younger son of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XI, he makes his first stage appearance at an unknown date and receives the name of Nakamura Akashi IV.

8th lunar month of 1808: Akashi plays the role of Kotar˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is staged at the Nakamuraza [illustration].

6th lunar month of 1808: Akashi plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Shigeichi in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

9th lunar month of 1812: the actor Nakamura Utaemon III, who is about to travel back to his native Kamigata after more than 4 years spent in Edo, performs his onagori ky˘gen at the Nakamuraza, which includes the premiere of a sanbas˘ entitled "Mata Kuru Haru Suzuna no Tanemaki". The roles of Sanbas˘, Senzai and Okina were performed by Nakamura Utaemon III, Akashi and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1814: Nakamura Akashi IV takes the name of Nakamura Denkur˘ V at the Nakamuraza, appearing in the kaomise drama "Ninin Muko Mikurai Sadame", which celebrates the shűmei of Onoe Baik˘ III, Onoe Matsusuke III, Segawa Tomisabur˘ III and Segawa Michinosuke II and welcomes in Edo the actor Nakamura Daikichi I.

1st lunar month of 1815: Denkur˘ achieves a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the role of Kobayashi no Asahina in the drama "Date Moy˘ Soga no Hinagata"; This role is closely associated to the great actor Nakamura Denkur˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1829: Denkur˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Kamei Rokur˘ in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". The 21st of March, a a fire breaks out from the shop of Owariya Tokuemon, in the district of Kanda Sakuma-ch˘. It spreads and destroys the Edo theaters district. The Nakamuraza is burnt to ashes.

7th lunar month of 1829: the Nakamura clan temporarily settles its theater in the precinct of the Hanazono shrine in the district of Shinjuku.

4th day of the 8th lunar month of 1829: his father Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XI dies. Denkur˘ most likely takes the name of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII and becomes the new official zamoto of the Nakamuraza in the 8th lunar month of 1829 but he keeps on performing under the name of Nakamura Denkur˘ V up to the 8th lunar month of 1830.

11th lunar month of 1829: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kin no Zai Sarushima Dairi"; Denkur˘ plays the role of Iyo no Tar˘ [more details].

6th lunar month of 1830: Kanzabur˘ appears on stage as an actor for the last time, playing 4 roles in the drama "Minami ni Kuriki no Mushib˘shi", which is staged in his theater.

23rd day of the 12th lunar month of 1830: a fire breaks out in the district of Nihonbashi Kodenma-ch˘. It spreads and destroys the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

7th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1834: a fire breaks out in the district of Kanda Sakuma-ch˘. It spreads and destroys the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

6th day of the 10th lunar month of 1841: a fire breaks out from the backstages of the Nakamuraza in the district of Kanda Sakai-ch˘. It spreads and destroys the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

20th day of the 10th lunar month of 1841: the Edo authorities forbid the reconstruction of the destroyed theaters in Sakai-ch˘.

19th day of the 12th lunar month of 1841: the Nakamuraza, Ichimuraza and Kawarazakiza are ordered to move to the remote district of Asakusa Saruwaka-ch˘.

7th lunar month of 1842: the construction of the new Nakamuraza is completed.

10th lunar month of 1842: opening ceremony for the new Nakamuraza; Kanzabur˘ produces the drama "Kinryűzan Chikai no Ishizue" with the actors Iwai Tojaku, Sawamura Tossh˘ II, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Onoe Eizabur˘ III, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Osagawa Tsuneyo IV, Arashi Izabur˘ II and Ichikawa Danzabur˘ V.

1843: Kanzabur˘ is condemned by the Edo Authorities for falsification of documents related to the number of shibai jaya in his theater. As a punishment, he is handcuffed at home and his theater is temporarily closed (no kaomise in the 11th lunar month).

3rd lunar month of 1844: end of punishment for Kanzabur˘, who has to pay a heavy fine in order to get his handcuffs removed. He produces the drama "Sugata no Hana Yayoi no Kagamiyama", which celebrates the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ VII, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VI and Ichikawa Komaz˘ VII.

4th lunar month of 1850: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII gives his name to his son Nakamura Denz˘ III (who becomes Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII) and retires, taking the name of Nakamura Kankur˘ III.

11th day of the 10th lunar month of 1851: Kankur˘ dies in Edo.

Comments:

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII was the last great zamoto of the Nakamuraza. He succeeded in keeping the family business up and running for 20 seasons, in spite of the heavy burden of the theater debts, several fires that burnt his theater to ashes or the anti-theater regulations of the Edo authorities.

Nakamura Denkur˘ V in the backstage of the Nakamuraza in the 1st lunar month of 1816 (print made by Utagawa Kunisada I)

The Nakamura Denkur˘ line of actors and theater managers

The Nakamura Kanzabur˘ line of actors and theater managers

The Nakamura Kankur˘ line of actors and theater managers

 
Search this site powered by FreeFind
  Site map | Disclaimer
Contact | Main | Top | Updates | Actors | Plays | Playwrights | Programs | Links | FAQ | Glossary | Chronology | Illustrations | Prints | Characters | Derivatives | Theaters | Coming soon | News