NAKAMURA KANZABURď XIII

Stage names:

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII
Nakamura Denz˘ III

Line number: J█SANDAIME (XIII)

Existence: 1828 ~ 19 October 1895

Connections:

Great-great-great-great-grandfather: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I

Great-great-great-grandfather: Nakamura Kankur˘ I

Great-great-grandfather: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ VI

Great-grandfather: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ VIII

Grandfather: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XI

Father: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII

Brother: Nakamura Jusabur˘ II

Brothers-in-law: Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII, Nakamura Nakaz˘ III (Kanzabur˘ XIV)

Son: Nakamura Akashi V (Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XV)

Granddaughter: Nakamura Fujiko (Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVI)

Disciples: Nakamura Jusabur˘ III, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ IV

Career:

1828: born in Edo.

6th day of the 10th lunar month of 1841: a fire breaks out from the backstages of the Nakamuraza in the district of Sakai-ch˘. It spreads and destroys the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

20th day of the 10th lunar month of 1841: the Edo authorities forbid the reconstruction of the destroyed theaters in Sakai-ch˘.

19th day of the 12th lunar month of 1841: the Nakamuraza, Ichimuraza and Kawarazakiza are ordered to move to the remote district of Asakusa Saruwaka-ch˘.

10th lunar month of 1842: the newly-built Nakamuraza opens with an auspicious sanbas˘ performed by his father Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII in the role of Okina. He makes his first stage appearance, receiving the name of Nakamura Denz˘ III and playing the role of Sanbas˘.

4th lunar month of 1850: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII gives his name to his son Nakamura Denz˘ III, who becomes Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII, and retires; the new Kanzabur˘ celebrates his shűmei at the Nakamuraza, performing in the dances "Kadomatsu", "Shimbochi Taiko" and "Saruwaka".

11th day of the 10th lunar month of 1851: his father Nakamura Kankur˘ III dies.

5th day of the 11th lunar month of 1854: a big fire breaks out in the district of Seiten-ch˘ and reduces to ashes the Nakamuraza.

2nd day of the 10th lunar month of 1855: the Ansei earthquake (Ansei Daijishin) destroys Edo, killing many people and tearing down all the theaters.

9th lunar month of 1865: Kanzabur˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the dances "Kadomatsu" [print], "Tsuri Gitsune", "Saruwaka" and "Shimbochi Taiko".

February 1875: Kanzabur˘ can't manage anymore the heavy burden of the Nakamuraza debt and entrust the management of the theater to his son-in-law Nakamura Nakaz˘ III, who refuses to take the name of Kanzabur˘.

31 December 1876: a fire breaks out in Edo in Asakusa and destroys the Nakamuraza.

1877: the new zamoto is Hirano Gihei, who rebuild the theater and rename it Miyakoza, the name of one of the hikae yagura of the Nakamuraza during the Edo period.

July 1878 ~ December 1878: the Miyakoza opens, runs for a few months and quickly goes bankrupt.

July 1879: the theater reopens under the name of Saruwakaza; his new zamoto is Iwai Kumesabur˘ IV, the adopted son of Kanzabur˘'s brother-in-law Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII.

1883 ~ October 1884: the Saruwakaza is closed.

November 1884: the theater is rebuilt in the district of Asakusa Torigoe-Ch˘ and takes the name of Saruwakaza.

23 January 1885: a fire breaks out in the Saruwakaza and reduces it to ashes.

June 1886: the theater is rebuilt, renamed Nakamuraza and reopens.

Summer 1891: the Nakamuraza goes bankrupt.

January 1892: the theater reopens and is renamed Torigoeza.

22 January 1893: a fire breaks out in the district of Torigoe-ch˘ and reduces to ashes the Torigoeza. Kanzabur˘ can't find the money to rebuild it, putting an end to a 269 years long history.

Comments:

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII was the official zamoto of the Nakamuraza from 1850 to 1875, the last one to hold this prestigious nameand always struggling to keep the business afloat. As an actor, he sometimes appeared on stage to perform in auspicious dances like "Saruwaka", a dance created by his great-great-great-great-grandfather Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I. He officially retired in February 1875 but kept on supervising from behind the scenes his theater and helping the successive zamoto like Nakamura Nakaz˘ III, Iwai Kumesabur˘ IV (1879~1882), Nakamura Akashi V or Nakamura Shigejir˘. His theater moved or changed its name several times (Miyakoza, Saruwakaza, Torigoeza) up to its final destruction by fire in January 1893. Out of business, Kanzabur˘ settled in the district of Asakusa Matsuba-ch˘ and opened a Go club.

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII playing the role of Tar˘kaja in the dance "Kadomatsu", which was staged in the 9th lunar month of 1865 at the Nakamuraza (print made by Utagawa Kunisada II)

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1865

The Nakamura Kanzabur˘ line of actors and theater managers

 
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