SANSHď-DAY█
   
Play titles Yura no Minato Sengen Ch˘ja  In Japanese
Sansh˘-dayű Kogane no Toridoshi  In Japanese
Common title Sansh˘-dayű  In Japanese
Authors Chikamatsu Hanji
Miyoshi Sh˘raku
Takeda Koizumo II
History

The play "Yura no Minato Sengen Ch˘ja" was originally written for the puppet theater (Bunraku) and staged for the first time in the 5th lunar month of 1761 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza. It was adapted for Kabuki the next year and staged for the first time in 1763 in ďsaka at the Sonezaki Shinchi Minami no Shibai (not an ˘shibai venue). It was staged for the first time in ˘shibai, in ďsaka in the 5th lunar month of 1784 at the Kado no Shibai [casting]. It was premiered in Edo only in the 7th lunar month of 1837, at the Ichimuraza under the title "Sansh˘-dayű Kogane no Toridoshi" [casting]. The story of "Yura no Minato Sengen Ch˘ja" was based on the legend of Sansh˘-dayű (the tayű Sansh˘), an old and famous sekky˘-bushi. The way to write Sansh˘ in "Yura no Minato Sengen Ch˘ja" was not the classic writing but it used the ideograms for 'three' (san) and 'villa' (sh˘):

Classic writing for Sansh˘-dayű Kabuki writing for Sansh˘-dayű
山椒太夫 三荘太夫

It meant that Sansh˘-dayű was the owner of three magnificent and prosperous villas in Hashidate, Nariai and Yura [1].

In modern times, "Yura no Minato Sengen Ch˘ja" was revived only twice during the 1950s. Here is the list of all performances in ˘shibai from the end of WWII to 1959:

Date Theater Casting
1959/09 Shinjuku Daiichi Gekij˘ (T˘ky˘) Ichikawa Ennosuke II (the tayű Sansh˘), Nakamura Senjaku II (Sansh˘'s musume Osan), Band˘ Keiz˘ II (Zushi˘maru) and Ichikawa Sh˘ch˘ III (Princess Anju)
1954/05 Minamiza (Ky˘to) Band˘ Minosuke VI (the tayű Sansh˘), Band˘ Tsurunosuke IV (Sansh˘'s musume Osan), Kataoka Yoshihito (Zushi˘maru) and Arashi Hinasuke X (Princess Anju)
Structure

Key words Ch˘ja
Echigo
Gidayű Ky˘gen
Hashidate
Hitokai
Inga
Maruhonmono
Nariai
ďshű
Sekky˘-bushi
Tango
Tori Musume
Yura
Summary

Notes

[1] A few characters in this drama had a name linked to these 3 places : Yura no Sabur˘, Hashidate no Gor˘ and Nariai no Tar˘.

An illustration from the ezukushi banzuke for the staging of the drama "Yura no Minato Sengen Ch˘ja" in the 5th lunar month of 1784 in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai with Kagaya Kashichi I (top), Mihogi Gizaemon II (bottom/left) and Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV (bottom/left) in the roles of the tayű Sansh˘, Yamaoka Gonroku and Sansh˘'s musume Osan

Prints & Illustrations

 
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