YAMAMURA TOMOEMON I

Stage names:

Yamamura Tomoemon I In Japanese
Tamamura Tomoemon In Japanese
Urayama Heijűr˘ In Japanese
Anegawa Tomogor˘ In Japanese

Guilds: Himukaya, Akashiya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: T˘yű

Existence: 1763 ~ 24th day of the 6th lunar month of 1804 [1]

Connections:

Master: Yamamura Giemon II

Disciples: Yamamura Tomogor˘, Yamamura Tomoemon II

Career:

1763 ~ 1783: born in Kamigata. He started his career in miyaji shibai, performing under the name of Anegawa Tomogor˘.

Fall 1783: Anegawa Tomogor˘ took the name of Urayama Heijűr˘.

11th lunar month of 1784: Heijűr˘ played in Ky˘to at the Nishi no Shibai the role of Todoroki Daiz˘ in Tatsuoka Mansaku's kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana ďshimadai", which was produced by Nakayama Ihachi II.

Spring 1786: Urayama Heijűr˘ took the name of Tamamura Tomoemon.

Fall 1786: he became disciple of Yamamura Giemon II.

11th lunar month of 1786: he took the name of Yamamura Tomoemon I in Ky˘to, performing in the kaomise drama "Shinchoku Niai no Enmusubi"; his stage partners were Arashi Sangor˘ II, Fujikawa Hachiz˘ II, Otowa Jiroza II, Arashi Shichigor˘ II, Arashi Sanpachi I, Onoe Shinshichi I, Mimasu Tokujir˘ I, Yoshizawa Iroha I and Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1789: Tomoemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, katakiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)hankichi (superior - superior - (white) half excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1790: Tomoemon played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shibukawa T˘ma in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

9th lunar month of 1791: premiere of Nagawa Shimesuke I's chűshinguramono "Iroha Gana Shijűshichi Moji" in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Tomoemon played the roles of Ono no Kudayű, Yakushiji Jirozaemon, the tedai Ibŕ, Inoko Gunpei and Dennai [more details].

11th lunar month of 1792: Tomoemon played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Matsuura Kenmotsu and the yakko Datehei in the kaomise drama "Hito no Kokoro-ni Kan˘ Kaomise". He also played the role of Kit˘ta in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki".

11th lunar month of 1794: Tomoemon played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Date Jir˘ and the yakko Tomohei in the kaomise drama "Tatematsuru Chibako no Tamamono".

11th ~ 12th lunar months of 1794: Tomoemon played in the same theater the roles of Sagisaka Bannai and Yakushiji Jirozaemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1795: Tomoemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, katakiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

3rd lunar month of 1795: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Komochi Yamanba", which was originally written for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Tomoemon played the role of Monobe no Heita [casting].

11th lunar month of 1795: Tomoemon performed at the Kado no Shibai in Chikamatsu Tokuz˘'s kaomise drama "Ichiban Yari T˘kai Suzuri", which celebrated the shűmei of Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III; his stage partners were Nakayama Bunshichi II, Sawamura Kunitar˘ I, Arashi Hinasuke II, Arashi Koroku III, Nakayama Bungor˘ I, Yoshizawa Iroha I, Mimasu Matsugor˘ I, his master Yamamura Giemon II and Asao Sennosuke.

4th lunar month of 1796: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of the drama "Hade Kurabe Ishikawa-zome", written by Chikamatsu Tokuz˘, Tatsuoka Mansaku and Namiki Sh˘z˘ II; Tomoemon played the roles of Kuroda Kenmotsu and Fuji no Kur˘ji [more details].

11th lunar month of 1797: Tomoemon performed at the Kado no Shibai in the drama "Mote Hayasu Manry˘ no Tachibana", which was produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II and welcomed back in ďsaka the actor Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

5th lunar month of 1798: Tomoemon played in the same theater the roles of Tamashima Hy˘dayű and Mikawaya Giheiji in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ was played by Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

Fall 1798: ďtani Tomoemon II settled in ďsaka; the two Tomoemon, Yamamura and ďtani, performed in Kamigata up to the death of the former one.

11th lunar month of 1799: Tomoemon played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Rokuz˘ and the yakko Togahei in the kaomise drama "Yunzei T˘ri Yaguruma", which was produced by Fujikawa Katsujir˘; he also plays 2 roles in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1800: Tomoemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, katakiyaku/jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - almost excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1802: Tomoemon played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Hashimoto Jibuemon in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

5th day of the 1st lunar month of 1803 [2]: his master Yamamura Giemon II died.

5th lunar month of 1803: the two Tomoemon, Yamamura and ďtani, performed together at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka) in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki"; the former one played the roles of Sat˘ Toranosuke Masakiyo and Yamaguchi Kurojir˘.

Fall 1803: Tomoemon performed in Ky˘to in miyaji shibai, in the precincts of the Inaba Yakushi temple; this was most likely his last appearance on a Kabuki stage.

24th day of the 6th lunar month of 1804 [1]: Tomoemon died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Yamamura Tomoemon I was an important Kamigata actor, who excelled in katakiyaku roles from the end of the 1780s to the beginning of the 1800s.

[1] The 24th day of the 6th lunar month of the 1st year of the Bunka era was the 30th of July 1804 in the western calendar.

[2] The 5th day of the 1st lunar month of the 3rd year of the Ky˘wa era was the 27th of January 1803 in the western calendar.

Yamamura Tomoemon I (left), Nakamura Ky˘jűr˘ II (center) and Nakamura Monjűr˘ (right) playing the roles of Mihara Ariemon, Yamazaki Yogor˘ and Hiraoka G˘zaemon in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki", which was staged in the 4th lunar month of 1790 at the Naka no Shibai

The Yamamura Tomoemon line of actors

 
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