ONOE SHďROKU

Stage names:

Onoe Sh˘roku In Japanese
Onoe Baikaku 0.1 In Japanese
Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ II In Japanese
Onoe Tamez˘ In Japanese
Nakayama Tokujir˘ In Japanese
ďtani Tokujir˘ In Japanese

Guild: Otowaya

Poetry names: Baikaku, Baiei

Existence: ??? ~ May 1873 (?)

Connection:

Masters: Onoe Kikugor˘ III, Onoe Tamiz˘ II, Nakayama Bunshichi III, ďtani Tomoemon II

Disciples: Onoe Baikaku 0.2, Onoe Baikaku 0.3, Onoe Matsunosuke I

Career:

1820s: born in Kamigata at an unknown date. He starts his career at the beginning of the 1820s in hama shibai as a disciple of ďtani Tomoemon II, who gives him the name of ďtani Tokujir˘.

1831: he becomes disciple of Nakayama Hyakka and receives the name of Nakayama Tokujir˘.

1832: he quickly joins Onoe Tamiz˘ II and receives the name of Onoe Tamez˘.

1833: he is back in the Nakayama clan, as he is adopted by Nakayama Hyakka, who gives him the name of Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ II.

1844: he breaks up with his adoptive father and becomes a disciple of Onoe Kikugor˘ III, who gives him the name of Onoe Baikaku.

4th lunar month of 1849: tour in Nagoya with both his new master and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V; he achieves a huge success with his performances in the roles of Togashi and Tamiya Iemon in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘" and in the ghost play "Yotsuya Kaidan". Highly-praised, the decision to allow him to take the prestigious name of Onoe Sh˘roku is taken (most likely by his master).

The 24th day of the 4th lunar month of 1849: his master ďgawa Hashiz˘ I dies on the road, at the Kakegawa station on the T˘kaid˘.

Summer/Fall 1849: he takes the name of Onoe Sh˘roku and goes to Edo.

10th lunar month of 1849: Sh˘roku plays at the Kawarazakiza the role of the yakko Ranpei in the drama "Saiwai Ariwara Keizu".

1st lunar month of 1851: Sh˘roku's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is two black strokes above j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

1st lunar month of 1853: Sh˘roku goes back to ďsaka. He plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of the yakko Nunohei, Nikki Kiyonosuke and Shimotsukeya Denbŕ in the new year drama "Keisei Inaka Genji".

1st lunar month of 1854: Sh˘roku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is one black stroke above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - almost excellent) [visual].

1st lunar month of 1856: Sh˘roku plays at the Wakadayű no Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Ishid˘ Umanoj˘, Yokogawa Kanbei and Tottori Itsur˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

6th lunar month of 1857: tour in Miyajima with Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V, Kataoka Ichiz˘ I, Mimasu Daigor˘ IV, Yamashita Kinsaku IV, Nakamura Daikichi III, Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ IV, Nakayama Bungor˘ II and Asao Tamejűr˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1859: Sh˘roku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is three black strokes above j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - almost excellent) [visual].

1st lunar month of 1860: Sh˘roku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He shares the same rank with Mimasu Baisha I.

1st lunar month of 1862: Sh˘roku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Yoshikawa Tatewaki and Azuma Yoshir˘ in the drama "Nippon Daiichi Mekari no Jinji".

3rd lunar month of 1862: Sh˘roku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, K˘ no Moron˘, Teraoka Heiemon, Takubei, Uesugiya Mokuemon, Takemori Kitahachi and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1863: Sh˘roku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is hakushi-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost unique - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1863: Sh˘roku plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Sasaki Takatsuna in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Princess Toki and miuranosuke are played by Ichikawa Fudenosuke and ďtani Tomomatsu.

6th lunar month of 1863: tour in Miyajima with Fujikawa Kayű IV; Sh˘roku plays the role of Igami no Gonta in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

9th lunar month of 1863: Sh˘roku plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the roles of ďtsuka Bansaku Kazunari and Inuyama D˘setsu in the drama "Satomi Hakkenden".

11th lunar month of 1863: Sh˘roku plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, K˘ no Moron˘ and Yokogawa Kanbei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

3rd lunar month of 1864: Sh˘roku plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the roles of Kakuju and Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". He also plays the role of Jinzabur˘ in "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage"; the role of H˘kaib˘ is played by ďtani Tomomatsu.

1st lunar month of 1865: Sh˘roku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Ishida no Tsubone and Ishikawa Goemon in the new year drama "Keisei Setsugekka".

11th lunar month of 1865: Sh˘roku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Kansaku and Yasabur˘ in the drama "Nichirenki"; the role of the Priest Nichiren is played by Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1866: Sh˘roku performs in ďsaka at the Horie no Shibai and the Wakadayű no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1868: Sh˘roku plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Ariwara no Yukihira in the drama "Yamatogana Ariwara Keizu".

3rd lunar month of 1869: Sh˘roku plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Azumaya Seibŕ in the drama "Katakiuchi Takasago no Matsu".

1st lunar month of 1870: Sh˘roku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of Inuyama D˘setsu in the drama "Keisei Hana no Yatsufusa".

5th lunar month of 1871: Sh˘roku plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Okitsu Niza, Yoshikawa Kurando and Yuminosuke in the drama "Asagao Nikki"; the role of Asojir˘ and miyuki are played by Nakamura S˘jűr˘ and Nakamura Keijo.

7th lunar month of 1871: Sh˘roku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Iga Jutar˘, Shishido Danj˘ and Iwaiya Jirobei in the drama "S˘ma Tar˘ Mibae Bundan".

11th lunar month of 1871: Sh˘roku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Nikki Danj˘ and Magoemon in the dramas "Sendai Hagi" and "Ten no Amijima".

10th lunar month of 1872: Sh˘roku plays at the Matsushimaza (ďsaka) the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

February 1873: Sh˘roku apperas on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Chikugo no Shibai.

May 1873: Sh˘roku most likely dies.

Comments:

Onoe Sh˘roku was a talented actor, able to perform a wide range of roles, from katakiyaku to onnagata. His k˘seki was said to be outstanding. He spent his latter years in hama shibai, on tour in the countryside or at the Chikugo no Shibai, where he was a mainstay during the 1860s and the beginning of the 1870s. He became a great and popular fukeyaku from the beginning of the Meiji era. He could have been properly considered as the second in the Onoe Sh˘roku line of actors as it is the case in Nojima Jusabur˘"s reference book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten". However, the 1935 and 2002 shűmei of both Onoe Sh˘roku II and Onoe Sh˘roku IV made it clear twice: the Kabuki world definitively considered him as a non-official holder of the name.

Onoe Sh˘roku portraying the yakko Tsumahei ("Shin Usuyuki Monogatari") in a print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III

Prints & Illustrations

The Onoe Sh˘roku line of actors

 
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