Stage names:

Yamashita Kinsaku IV In Japanese
Arashi Sankatsu IV In Japanese
Arashi Sanz˘ In Japanese

Guilds: Tenn˘jiya, Hamaya

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Poetry names: Rik˘, T˘shi, Raishi, Baishi

Existence: 1791 ~ 23rd day of the 12th lunar month of 1858 [1]


Master: Arashi Sangor˘ III

Adopted son: Yamashita Kinsaku V

Disciples: Yamashita Kinsaku VI, Yamashita Ky˘emon IV, Yamashita Mangiku III


1791 ~ 1830: born in ďsaka. He started his career as a disciple of the actor Arashi Sangor˘ III, receiving the name of Arashi Sanz˘ around 1811. He took the name of Arashi Sankatsu IV at the end of the Bunsei era. He performed in ďsaka minor theaters (hama shibai).

1830 ~ 1832: his fame as a wakaonnagata actor grew; he notably played the difficult role of Masaoka in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi", which was staged at the Takeda no Shibai.

Fall 1832: Sankatsu went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1832: Arashi Sankatsu IV took the name of Yamashita Kinsaku IV at the Kawarasakiza, performing in the kaomise drama "Tanomiaru Gohiiki no Tsuna".

Summer 1833: Kinsaku went back to Kamigata.

6th lunar month of 1835: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged in the 2nd lunar month of 1773, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Kinsaku played the role of Tamate Gozen [casting].

1st lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Hana no Ani Tsubomi no Yatsufusa" Kinsaku played the roles of Hikute and Isarago Gozen [casting].

6th ~ 9th lunar months of 1839: tour in Nagoya with Nakayama Shinkur˘ IV and Ogawa Kichitar˘ III; the troupe performed at the Wakamiya no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1848: Kinsaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. He was also the kanjiku for onnagata actors.

Spring 1848: tour in Ise.

Fall 1848: tour in Nagoya.

9th lunar month of 1849: Kinsaku played at the Wakadayű no Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Osono in the "Keya-mura" scene of the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the role of Rokusuke was played by Asao Yoroku I.

1st lunar month of 1850: Kinsaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was (shiro)itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi ((white) unique - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1850: Kinsaku played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Sagami and Otatsu in the dramas "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" and "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami".

8th lunar month of 1851: Kinsaku played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Ofude in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

11th lunar month of 1851: Kinsaku played in the same theater the role of Koman in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

10th lunar month of 1852: Kinsaku played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Tsukisayo and the woman Suekiyo in Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Kin'u Gyokuto Wakoku no Irifune", which was performed for the first time in ďsaka.

1st lunar month of 1853: Kinsaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent). He was also the kanjiku for onnagata actors.

3rd lunar month of 1853: Kinsaku achieved a great success at the Kado no Shibai, playing the roles of Okita, Oishi and Ichimonjiya Osai in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V, Ichikawa Danz˘ VI, Kataoka Gad˘ II, Onoe Tamiz˘ II, Nakamura Daikichi III and Asao Tamejűr˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1858: Kinsaku appeared on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to, at the Kitagawa no Shibai, playing the roles of Kosen and Wakaba-no-Naishi in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". He suddenly fell ill.

23rd day of the 12th lunar month of 1858 [1]: Kinsaku died.


Yamashita Kinsaku IV was a popular Kamigata onnagata actor, who was active from the beginning of the 1810s to the end of the 1850s. Equally at home in sewamono and jidaimono dramas, he perfectly delivered his lines with great k˘seki. He was outstanding in toshima or sewa ny˘b˘ roles. "And there was the fourth Yamashita Kinsaku, who was trained in small theatres, was stout, had a clear voice, and played chiefly in middle-aged women's characters" (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 23rd day of the 12th lunar month of the 5th year of the Ansei era was the 26th of January 1859 in the western calendar.

Yamashita Kinsaku IV portraying Osugi in a print made by Utagawa Kunisada I

Prints & Illustrations

The Yamashita Kinsaku line of actors

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