YAMASHITA KINSAKU IV

Stage names:

Yamashita Kinsaku IV
Arashi Sankatsu III
Arashi Sanz˘

Guilds: Tenn˘jiya, Hamaya

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Poetry names: Rik˘, Raishi, Baishi

Existence: 1791 ~ 23rd day of the 12th lunar month of 1858

Connections:

Master: Arashi Sangor˘ III

Adopted son: Yamashita Kinsaku V

Disciples: Yamashita Kinsaku VI, Yamashita Ky˘emon IV

Career:

1791 ~ 1830: born in ďsaka. He starts his career as a disciple of the actor Arashi Sangor˘ III, receiving the names of Arashi Sanz˘ and Arashi Sankatsu III at unknown dates. He performs in ďsaka minor theaters (hama shibai).

1830 ~ 1832: his fame as a wakaonnagata actor grows; he notably plays the difficult role of Masaoka in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi", which is staged at the Takeda no Shibai.

Fall 1832: Sankatsu goes to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1832: Arashi Sankatsu III takes the name of Yamashita Kinsaku IV at the Kawarazakiza, playing in the drama "Tanomiaru Gohiiki no Tsuna".

Summer 1833: Kinsaku goes back to Kamigata.

6th lunar month of 1835: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged in the 2nd lunar month of 1773, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Kinsaku plays the role of Tamate Gozen [casting].

1st lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Hana no Ani Tsubomi no Yatsufusa" Kinsaku plays the roles of Hikute and Isarago Gozen [casting].

6th ~ 9th lunar months of 1839: tour in Nagoya with Nakayama Shinkur˘ IV and Ogawa Kichitar˘ III; the troupe performs at the Wakamiya no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1848: Kinsaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He is also the kanjiku for onnagata actors.

Spring 1848: tour in Ise.

Fall 1848: tour in Nagoya.

9th lunar month of 1849: Kinsaku plays at the Wakadayű no Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Osono in the "Keya-mura" scene of the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the role of Rokusuke is played by Asao Yoroku I.

1st lunar month of 1850: Kinsaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is hakushi-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost unique - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1850: Kinsaku plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Sagami and Otatsu in the dramas "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" and "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami".

8th lunar month of 1851: Kinsaku plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Ofude in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

11th lunar month of 1851: Kinsaku plays in the same theater the role of Koman in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

10th lunar month of 1852: Kinsaku plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Tsukisayo and the woman Suekiyo in Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Kin'u Gyokuto Wakoku no Irifune", which is performed for the first time in ďsaka.

1st lunar month of 1853: Kinsaku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent). He is also the kanjiku for onnagata actors.

3rd lunar month of 1853: Kinsaku achieves a great success at the Kado no Shibai, playing the roles of Okita, Oishi and Ichimonjiya Osai in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura". His stage partners are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V, Ichikawa Danz˘ VI, Kataoka Gad˘ II, Onoe Tamiz˘ II, Nakamura Daikichi III and Asao Tamejűr˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1858: Kinsaku appears on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to, at the Kitagawa no Shibai, playing the roles of Kosen and Wakaba-no-Naishi in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". He suddenly falls ill and dies one month later.

Comments:

"And there was the fourth Yamashita Kinsaku, who was trained in small theatres, was stout, had a clear voice, and played chiefly in middle-aged women's characters" (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Yamashita Kinsaku IV portraying Osugi in a print made by Utagawa Kunisada I

Print made by Utagawa Hirosada in 1851

The Yamashita Kinsaku line of actors

 
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