FUKUMORI KY█SUKE I

Pen names:

Fukumori Kyűsuke I In Japanese
Fukumori Kiusuke In Japanese
Fukumori Shichisuke In Japanese
Fukumori Kyűsuke I In Japanese
Tamamaki Kyűji In Japanese
Tamamaki Kyűji I In Japanese
Tamamaki Kyűji In Japanese
Okuda Kyűji In Japanese
Sh˘hashi Kyűji In Japanese

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Ichiyű

Existence: 1767 ~ 8th day of the 9th lunar month of 1818

Connection:

Masters: Tsuruya Nanboku IV, Namiki Gohei I, Sakurada Jisuke I, Tamamaki Keisuke

Disciples: Fukumori Kichisuke, Fukumori Kiichi

Career:

1767: born in Edo. His family manages a firewood wholesale business in Edo, district of Honjo Yotsume. The business is called Kawachiya (or K˘chiya?) and his family name is Kaneko. His father disinherited him when he was 18 or 19 years old.

1785: debut at the Kiriza; his first playwright name is Sh˘hashi Kyűji.

1786: he switches his name to Okuda Kyűji.

1787: he becomes a disciple of the sakusha Tamamaki Keisuke and receives the name of Tamamaki Kyűji (several possible writings).

1796: he takes the name of Fukumori Kyűsuke I.

11th lunar month of 1796: Kyűsuke works at the Kawarazakiza to assist the tatesakusha Sakurada Jisuke I, along with Muraoka K˘ji I, on the kaomise drama "Itsukushima Yuki no Sugata Mise".

11th lunar month of 1797: Kyűsuke works at the Nakamuraza under the supervision of the tatesakusha Sakurada Jisuke I on the kaomise drama "Kaikei Koky˘ no Nishikigi", which celebrates the shűmei of Arashi Shichigor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1798: Kyűsuke becomes tatesakusha at the Nakamuraza, where his first kaomise drama "Hana no Mimasu Yoshino no Fukayuki" is staged. He works with Muraoka K˘ji I.

11th lunar month of 1799: Kyűsuke is tatesakusha at the Nakamuraza, where he works with the help of Sakurada Jisuke I on the kaomise drama "Tametomo Yumiya no Oyafune", which celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1801: the kaomise drama "Otoko Narikeri Onna Masakado", which was written by Namiki Gohei I and Kyűsuke, is staged at the Ichimuraza and celebrates the shűmei of Omegawa Ky˘jűr˘, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, Ichikawa Komaz˘ IV and Band˘ Zenji II.

11th lunar month of 1802: Kyűsuke is tatesakusha at the Ichimuraza, working with Namiki Gohei I on the kaomise drama "Toki-ni ďshű Tsubo no Ishibumi".

11th lunar month of 1803: Kyűsuke is tatesakusha at the Ichimuraza, working with Namiki Gohei I on the kaomise drama "Mutsu no Hana Monomi no Matsu".

11th lunar month of 1804: Kyűsuke works at the Nakamuraza to assist his master Sakurada Jisuke I, along with the sakusha Nagawa Shimesuke I and Matsushima Hanji I, on the kaomise drama "Kiku Zum˘ Mikurai Sadame", which celebrates the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ V, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV and Nakayama Bunshichi III, and welcomes in Edo the actors Segawa Rok˘ III and his adopted son Segawa Kamesabur˘.

1st lunar month of 1806: Kyűsuke's new year drama "Mitsu no Homare Kaikei Soga" is staged at the Kawarazakiza.

3rd lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Moritaza of Kyűsuke's drama "Sono Mukashi Koi no Edo-zome" [casting].

5th lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Ehon Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; Kyűsuke is one of the main collaborators in the sakusha team [casting].

11th lunar month of 1813: Kyűsuke works at the Nakamuraza to assist the tatesakusha Nagawa Issen, along with Segawa Jok˘ II, on the kaomise drama "Okud˘sha Band˘ Junrei", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Matsue III and in which Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III is zagashira for the first time.

11th lunar month of 1814: Kyűsuke works at the Nakamuraza on the kaomise drama "Ninin Muko Mikurai Sadame", which celebrates the shűmei of Onoe Baik˘ III, Onoe Matsusuke III, Segawa Tomisabur˘ III, Segawa Michinosuke II and Nakamura Denkur˘ V and welcomes in Edo the actor Nakamura Daikichi I.

11th lunar month of 1815: Kyűsuke's first name being similar to the newly-given first name of somebody in the Sh˘gun household, he has to change his name. He first uses Fukumori Shichisuke, then quickly switches to Fukumori Kiusuke; he works as tatesakusha, along with the sakusha Shinoda Kinji I and Hon'ya S˘shichi to assist him, on the kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Oedo no Kaburaya", which is staged at the Nakamuraza to celebrate the shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ III and Kataoka Gach˘ and welcomes in Edo the actor Sawamura Tanosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1817: Kiusuke works at the Nakamuraza to assist the tatesakusha Sakurada Jisuke II, along with Segawa Jok˘ II, on the kaomise drama "Hana to Yuki Wag˘ Taiheiki", which celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsuemon I, Matsumoto Goroichi and Band˘ Hidesuke.

1st lunar month of 1818: he takes back the name of Fukumori Kyűsuke I.

8th day of the 9th lunar month of 1818: Kyűsuke dies in Edo (the 7th of October 1818 in the western calendar).

Comments:

Fukumori Kyűsuke I was an important Edo sakusha, who worked on more than 100 original dramas. He had 3 nicknames: he was called Ataka no Kyűsuke (Ataka was the name of a district in Edo Honjo), Ankyű (an is the sino-japanese reading for the first ideogram of Ataka and kyű is the first ideogram of Kyűsuke) or Yakinaoshi no Kyűsuke (yakinaoshi means regrilling for a fish or a piece of meat but also rehashing/reworking for a piece of art). He received the nickname of Yakinaoshi no Kyűsuke because he recycled quite a lot of Kamigata dramas, originally created either by Namiki Gohei I or Tatsuoka Mansaku, in Edo Kabuki dramas, adding his own touch of romantic spirit. After the death of his father, he was forvigen by his family and inherited 200 ry˘, making him a rich playwright. Mimasuya Nis˘ji wrote in his memories that no sakusha was able to make fortune, except Fukumori Kyűsuke I.

The name of Fukumori Kyűsuke I in a 1802 Edo hy˘banki (the zone within the red shape on the right side of the picture); all the names were the sakusha working at the Ichimuraza

 
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