MIZUKI TATSUNOSUKE I

Stage names:

Yamatoya Uzaemon
Mizuki Tatsunosuke I
Tsurukawa Tatsunosuke II
Tsuyugawa Ryűnosuke
Yamatoya Ushimatsu

Others names: Jinkur˘, Seijűr˘

Guild: Yamatoya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1673 ~ 23rd day of the 9th lunar month of 1745

Connections:

Uncle: Yamatoya Jinbŕ II

Father: Sait˘ Shimpachi

Disciples: Mizuki Takejűr˘, Mizuki Somenosuke I, Mizuki Somenosuke II, Miogi Naniwa, Yamatoya Jin'emon, Mizuki Tominosuke, Mizuki Sawanosuke

Career:

1673: born in ďsaka. He is the son of the hand˘gataki Sait˘ Shimpachi.

1681 ~ 1685: he starts his career in ďsaka in a troupe of children-actors (kodomo shibai), performing under the name of Yamatoya Ushimatsu. Later on, he takes the name of Tsuyugawa Ryűnosuke.

1685: Tsuyugawa Ryűnosuke takes the name of Tsurugawa Tatsunosuke II and becomes wakashugata.

1687: Tsurugawa Tatsunosuke II takes the name of Mizuki Tatsunosuke I.

1689: Tatsunosuke goes with his uncle Yamatoya Jinbŕ II to Ky˘to.

1st lunar month of 1689: Tatsunosuke becomes wakaonnagata and plays at Miyako Mandayű's theater in the drama "Keisei Sode no Umi".

1690: Tatsunosuke plays in the same theater the role of Ayame in the drama "Kanaoka-ga-Fude". Around that time, he changes the writing of his family name:

Old writing for Mizuki new writing for Mizuki
水木

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1st lunar month of 1691: Tatsunosuke achieves a great success in the same theater by playing the role of Arima no Ofuji in the drama "Musume Oya no Adauchi", which includes a impressive yari odori.

3rd lunar month of 1691: Tatsunosuke goes to Edo and plays in the drama "Onna Katakiuchi", which is staged at the Nakamuraza. His stay in Edo is short and he quickly goes back to Ky˘to to play the role of Okiku in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Saka Otoshi", which is staged at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

1692: The purple hat he uses on stage becomes the latest fashion in the city of Ky˘to and is called "Mizuki B˘shi" ("the Mizuki hat").

11th lunar month of 1693: Tatsunosuke plays in the drama "Hako Denju", which is produced in Ky˘to by Murayama Heiemon III. His main stage partner is the Edo star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, who is on tour in the Imperial Capital.

3rd lunar month of 1694: Tatsunosuke plays in the same theater the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami Yűjoron"; the role of the wicked priest Narukami is played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1694: Tatsunosuke plays in the same theater the role of Tomoe-no-Mae in the drama "Kumagai Nagori no Sakazuki". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I (Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane), Yamatoya Jinbŕ II (Taira no Tadanori), Murayama Heiemon III (Iga Heinai Saemon), Sakata T˘kur˘ (Taira no Michimori), Iwai Hananoj˘ (Michimori's wife), Onoe Taganoj˘ I (Taira no Atsumori), Tomizawa Samanosuke (Kumagai's wife) and Uemura Takenoj˘ (Kumagai's son).

1st lunar month of 1695: Tatsunosuke plays at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of Himematsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Ima Genji Rokujűj˘". He also performs the leading role of a beautiful and very successful dance about a maiden, who loves his brother but can't understand why such a love is forbidden and turns into a cat, frantically drifting among butterflies.

9th lunar month of 1695: Tatsunosuke plays at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Arima no Ofuji in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Mizuki Tatsunosuke Tachiburu Mai".

Fall 1695: Tatsunosuke goes to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1695: Tatsunosuke plays at the Ichimuraza in the drama "Shiki Gosho Zakura". He performs the leading role of a yari odori, achieving a great success. The "Mizuki B˘shi" ("the Mizuki hat") also becomes a new fashion in Edo and there is a shop in Asakusa, which sells jewel caskets named "Mizuki Miyage" (literally "Souvenir of Mizuki").

Fall 1697: Tatsunosuke goes back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1697: Tatsunosuke achieves a great success at Miyako Mandayű's theater by performing all the roles of a 7-role hengemono, which is titles "Nana Bake". Because of this amazing performance, Tatsunosuke is considered by the Kabuki historians as the first pioneer in the creation of hengemono.

1st lunar month of 1698: Tatsunosuke's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

7th lunar month of 1698: Tatsunosuke plays in Ky˘t˘ at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Otake in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Isshin Niga Byakud˘".

1st lunar month of 1704: Tatsunosuke goes to ďsaka and appears on stage for the last time, playing the role of Oishi in the drama "Sangoku Yome Iro Naoshi", which is produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ II. He retires and takes the name of Yamatoya Uzaemon, which he keeps up to his death in 1745.

Comments:

Mizuki Tatsunosuke I was a great onnagata actor of the Genroku era and an outstanding dancer. He excelled in both yari odori and hengemono. He belonged to a group of four actors nicknamed "wakaonnagata no shitenn˘", literally "the big four wakaonnagata" (this expression comes from the four Deva kings in Buddhism). The three others were Ogino Sawanoj˘, Sodesaki Karyű and Yoshizawa Ayame I. He founded the Mizuki school of dance, which still exists nowadays.

"Contemporary with Ayame was Mizuki Tatsunosuke, a precocious actor who played with Sakata T˘jűr˘ when he was 16. He died at the age of 73, and the onnagata school he established endured long after his death, several of his pupils distinguishing themselves." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Mizuki Tatsunosuke I as depicted in an illustration from the book "Amayo no Sanbai Kigen" (1693)

Prints & Illustrations

 
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