KANEKO KICHIZAEMON

Stage name:

Kaneko Kichizaemon In Japanese

Other name:

Kaneko Ikk˘ In Japanese

Poetry name: Ikk˘

Existence: ??? ~ 11th day of the 9th lunar month of 1728 [1]

Connections:

Master: Kaneko Rokuemon

Career:

1688: Kichizaemon played in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Senma in the drama "ďkumagawa Genzaemon".

1689: Kichizaemon performed in Ky˘to in the drama "Waka no Ura Katao Nami".

3rd lunar month of 1693: the first drama written by the playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon for the star Sakata T˘jűr˘ I was performed in Ky˘t˘ at Miyako Mandayű's theater. The play's title was "Butsumo Mayasan Kaich˘" and the others actors in the casting were Yamashita Hanzaemon I, Yoshizawa Ayame, Kirinami Senju I, Iwai Heijir˘ and Kichizaemon.

1695: Kichizaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, d˘kegata section, was (superior) [visual].

7th lunar month of 1698: Kichizaemon played in Ky˘t˘ at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Tokuz˘ in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Isshin Niga Byakud˘".

1st lunar month of 1699: Kichizaemon's rank in the Ky˘t˘ hy˘banki, d˘kegata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

1st lunar month of 1701: Kichizaemon performed in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater in the dramas "Onzoshi Hatsutora Mairi" and "Keisei Fuji Miru Sato" which were produced by Kokon Shinzaemon.

11th lunar month of 1701: Kichizaemon wrote with Chikamatsu Monzaemon the drama "Ima Komachi Eiga Guruma", which was staged in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater, which was produced by Arashi San'emon II and in which he played the role of Gorakub˘.

1st lunar month of 1702: premiere in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Mibu Dainenbutsu", which was produced by Kokon Shinzaemon; Kichizaemon played the role of the ah˘ Ch˘bŕ.

11th lunar month of 1704: Kichizaemon played at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of the ah˘ Manroku in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's kaomise drama "Kissh˘ Tennyo Anzan no Tama".

1st lunar month of 1712: Kichizaemon played in Ky˘to at Ebisuya Sh˘dayű's theater the role of Saiz˘ in the drama "Onna Wankyű", which was produced by Yoshizawa Ayame I.

Fall 1712: Kichizaemon went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1712: Kichizaemon became tachiyaku and played the role of Asakura Kin'emon in the kaomise drama "Mikawa no Kuni Yatsuhashi no Kura Saiwai Ch˘ja", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ I at Shioya Kuroemon's theater.

1st lunar month of 1713: Kichizaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was (superior) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1713: Kichizaemon played the role of Rokur˘ Saemon in the kaomise drama "Yoyo Meoto Tsuru no Mago", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ I at Shioya Kuroemon's theater.

1st lunar month of 1714: Kichizaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1714: Kichizaemon played in ďsaka the role of Mikazuki Tairanosuke in the kaomise drama "Daikoku Shinmai Dawara", which was produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1716: Kichizaemon played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Kinsuke in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Ichigura", which was produced by Sawamura S˘jűr˘.

1st lunar month of 1717: Kichizaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1717: Kichizaemon played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Kinbŕ in the kaomise drama "Inari Yashiki Daikoku Bashira", which was produced by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1717: Kichizaemon played in the same theater the role of Yohŕ in the kiri ky˘gen "ďsaka Shinjű Hajimari" [2].

1st lunar month of 1718: Kichizaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was back to j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

Fall 1718: Kichizaemon went back to Ky˘to after 6 seasons spent in ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1718: Kichizaemon played at Miyako Mandayű's theater in Sadoshima Sabur˘zaemon's kaomise drama "Meoto Matsu Jufuku no Kodane"; his stage partners were Otowa Jirosabur˘ I, Mihogi Gizaemon I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Hyakuninshu Genzabur˘, Miyazaki Giheita, Yamamoto Kamon, Tamagawa Genzabur˘ and Yamashita Kamenoj˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1719: Kichizaemon's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

Fall 1719: Kichizaemon went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1719: Kichizaemon became zamoto and produced at the ďnishi no Shibai the kaomise drama "Kogane no Mitsu Gashiwa".

1st lunar month of 1720: Kichizaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1720: Kichizaemon moved to the Kado no Shibai and played the role of Kingobŕ in the kaomise drama "Hana Yakata Chibikizuru", which was produced by Kirinoya Gonjűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1721: Kichizaemon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was back to j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1723: Kichizaemon played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Jizai Gitsune [3] in the kaomise drama "Chűshin Futaba no Matsu", which was produced by Matsushima Hy˘tar˘.

11th lunar month of 1725: Kichizaemon wrote and performed in the kaomise drama "Wag˘ no Futabashira", which was produced by Arashi San'emon III at the Kado no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1728: Kichizaemon wrote and performed in the drama "Atomeron Keizu no Hakozaki", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ I at the Kado no Shibai.

11th day of the 9th lunar month of 1728 [1]: Kichizaemon died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Kaneko Kichizaemon was an outstanding d˘kegata actor in Kamigata from the Genroku period to the Ky˘h˘ era, excelling in fool (ah˘) roles. He decided to switch to tachiyaku roles from the 11th lunar month of 1712. He was also an important playwright, who was, along with Tominaga Heibŕ, a disciple of Kaneko Rokuemon and collaborated with Chikamatsu Monzaemon. When Chikamatsu Monzaemon left the Kabuki world to write for the puppet theater, Kaneko Kichizaemon became the favourite playwright of the star Sakata T˘jűr˘ I. "Kichizaemon worshipped the great actor for whom he wrote, and put down his sayings about the theatre and his art as though they were oracles". Kaneko Kichizaemon wrote two books, called "Nijinshű", (literally "Collection of the Ears Dust"), a collection of actors stories, mainly Sakata T˘jűr˘ I's words and pieces of advice on his art. It is worthy of note that Kichizaemon "was criticised adversely because he made his own part prominent in the plays he wrote"
The 2 sentences within double quotes are from ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan".

[1] The 11th day of the 9th lunar month of the 13th year of the Ky˘h˘ era was the 13th of October 1728 in the western calendar.

[2] This drama was a shinjűmono based on the story of Ch˘emon and his lover Ichinoj˘. The 17th day of the 5th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Tenna era (the 11th of June 1683 in the western calendar), the courtesan Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ and her lover Goze no Ch˘emon committed suicide together in ďsaka. This event caused quite a stir and three ďsaka theaters decided to capitalize on the situation by simultaneously producing the same month the first shinjűmono of Kabuki history.

[3] A fox (kitsune) disguised as a human being.

Kaneko Kichizaemon

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