|ďKAWA HASHIZď II|
Dancer name: Fujima Kannoj˘
Real name: Tanba Tominari
Line number: NIDAIME (II)
Existence: 9 April 1929 ~ 7 December 1984
Master: Ichikawa Omez˘ IV
Adoptive fathers: Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, Ichikawa Takinoj˘ II
9 April 1929: born in T˘ky˘. His mother is a geisha of the pleasure quarter of Yanagibashi. He is adopted by the actor Ichikawa Takinoj˘ II.
November 1935: he becomes disciple of Ichikawa Omez˘ IV, who gives him the name of Ichikawa Omemaru.
January 1936: he makes his first stage apperance, at the Kabukiza, where he plays the role of Tsuruchiyo in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi"; the roles of Masaoka and Senmatsu are played by Onoe Kikugor˘ VI and Band˘ Mitsunobu. His master plays the role of Okinoi.
March 1945: he is adopted by the mother of Onoe Kikugor˘ VI.
October 1945: Ichikawa Omemaru takes the name of ďkawa Hashiz˘ II. This prestigious name has not been held since 4th lunar month of 1849 and the first holder of the name was the star Onoe Kikugor˘ III.
10 July 1949: his adoptive father Onoe Kikugor˘ VI dies.
October 1949: creation of the Onoe Kikugor˘ Gekidan; Hashiz˘ joins this troupe.
January 1954: revival at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ of the Nagauta-based dance "Taimen Hana no Harukoma", which is entitled "Ataru Toshi Iwau Harukoma"; Hashiz˘ plays the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari [casting].
1954: Hashiz˘ joins the Daiei movie company.
1955: Hashiz˘ joins the T˘ei movie company.
1960: Hashiz˘ plays the role of Tokugawa Mitsukuni in the movie "Mito K˘mon", which is directed by Matsuda Sadatsugu.
1962: Hashiz˘ plays the role of Amakusa Shir˘ Tokisada in the eponymous movie, which is directed by ďshima Nagisa.
December 1969: revival at the Kabukiza of the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Kumo no Ito Azusa no Yumihari"; Hashiz˘ plays the roles of the zat˘ Utashichi, the keisei Usugumo and the Spirit of the Spider (kumo no sei) [more details].
7 December 1984: Hashiz˘ dies.
ďkawa Hashiz˘ II was Japanĺs foremost movie star in the 1950s and 1960s. Trained as a onnagata by the stage giant Onoe Kikugor˘ VI, he could have become a great Kabuki actor. Unfortunately for him, he was too young when Onoe Kikugor˘ VI died and it was impossible for him to make a name for himself as the tateonnagata of the Onoe Kikugor˘ Gekidan because he was outclassed by actors like Onoe Baik˘ VII or Nakamura Fukusuke VII. Joining the samurai movie world was the only way for him to quickly rise to stardom because of his skills as a Kabuki actor. He was one of the four leading samurai actors of the 1950s, a quadrumvirate of stars which was nicknamed "Nisuke Niz˘" ("the two Suke and the two Z˘"). The three others were Nakamura Kinnosuke I, Ichikawa Raiz˘ VIII and Azuma Chiyonosuke (the two former ones being also Kabuki actors). He starred in the longest running TV series in the role of Zenigata Heiji and starred also the leading role of Aoi Shingo in the eponymous movie series. ďkawa Hashiz˘ II is still considered as the most popular Japanese film star of all time.
ďkawa Hashiz˘ II
The ďkawa Hashiz˘ line of actors
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