KAWATAKE NďSHIN II

Pen names:

Kawatake N˘shin II In Japanese
Katsu N˘shin In Japanese
Katsu Genz˘ II In Japanese
Takeshiba Genz˘ I In Japanese
Shigekawa Ch˘ji In Japanese

Others names:

Takada Bunsuke In Japanese
Katsu Kotohiko In Japanese

Artistic names: Karyűsha, Ganmaru, Zazend˘

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Existence: 1821 ~ 26 October 1886

Connection:

Master: Kawatake Shinshichi II (Kawatake Mokuami)

Son: Katsu Genz˘ III

Disciples: Katsu Shinsuke, Katsu Kamesuke

Career:

1821: born in Edo.

1850s: with the help of the print-maker Utagawa Kunishige, he became a disciple of Kawatake Shinshichi II. His first pen name was Shigekawa Ch˘ji.

8th lunar month of 1854: Ch˘ji worked at the Kawarazakiza.

1st lunar month of 1857: he took the name of Takeshiba Genz˘ I and worked at the Ichimuraza on the drama "Nezumi Komon Haru no Shingata" [1], which was written by Kawatake Shinshichi II and Shinoda Sasuke.

1st lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sannin Kichisa Kuruwa no Hatsugai" (commonly called "Sannin Kichisa") [casting]; Genz˘ was part of the sakusha team [2].

3rd lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kagamiyama Gonichi no Iwafuji" [casting]; Genz˘ was part of the sakusha team [2].

7th lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hachiman Matsuri Yomiya no Nigiwai" (commonly called "Chijimiya Shinsuke") [casting]; Genz˘ was part of the sakusha team [2].

1865: he took the name of Katsu Genz˘ II.

1870: Genz˘ and his son Hama Hikosuke settled in ďsaka.

October 1873: premiere at the Chikugo no Shibai of Genz˘'s drama "Kimi-wa-Fune Nami no Uwajima" [casting].

January 1877: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of "Shunshoku Ume Goyomi", an adaptation to Kabuki by Genz˘ of Tamenaga Shunsui's 1833 novel [casting].

April 1878: Katsu Genz˘ II and his son Katsu Hikosuke respectiveley took the names of Katsu N˘shin and Katsu Genz˘ III. They worked together at the Naka no Shibai on the dramas "Kinsei Sakurada Yuki no Kikigaki", "Miyakodori Nagare no Shiranami" and "Santo Meisho Utsusu Irodori".

1884: Katsu N˘shin and his son Katsu Genz˘ III respectiveley took the names of Kawatake N˘shin II [3] and Takeshiba Genz˘ II.

May 1885: N˘shin, along with his son Takeshiba Genz˘ II and the sakusha Namiki Sh˘z˘ III, worked at the Ebisuza on the first Kabuki adaptation of a William Shakespeare's drama; "The Merchant of Venice" was adapted under the title of "Sakuradoki Zeni no Yo no Naka". It has been said that this adaptation is based on Charles and Mary Lamb's "Tales from Shakespeare". This original drama starred Nakamura S˘jűr˘, Nakamura Tsurusuke V, Band˘ Jusabur˘ II, Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV, Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ III, Arashi Rish˘ II, Arashi Minshi V, Jitsukawa Wakamatsu, ďtani Tomoji, Nakamura Kohakur˘, Nakamura Shikin, Ichikawa Ichiroku and Band˘ Azuma.

26 October 1886: N˘shin died.

Comments:

Kawatake N˘shin II was born and trained in Edo, where he was active from the first half of the 1850s to 1870. Then, he became the leading Meiji sakusha in ďsaka, where he worked from 1870 up to his passing away in 1886.

[1] This drama is still in the Kabuki repertoire and it is commonly called "Nezumi Koz˘".

[2] Others sakusha were Takeshiba Kinsaku I, Takeshiba Hy˘z˘ I, Takeshiba Hy˘suke, Umezawa S˘roku and Takeshiba Asakichi.

[3] N˘shin was the haimy˘ of Kawatake Shinshichi I. He was considered as being Kawatake N˘shin I, although he never officially held this name.

The name of Kawatake N˘shin II in a 1885 ďsaka ezukushi banzuke (the zone within the red shape on the left side of the picture)

The Katsu Genz˘ line of playwrights

 
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