NAKAMURA KAN'EMON III

Stage names:

Nakamura Kan'emon III In Japanese
Nakamura Umenosuke III In Japanese
Nakamura Umemaru In Japanese
Seki Hananosuke In Japanese
Nakamura Umemaru In Japanese

Real name: Mitsui Kanejir˘

Guilds: Narikomaya, Komamuraya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Existence: 2 February 1901 ~ 21 September 1989

Connections:

Father: Nakamura Kan'emon II

Masters: Nakamura Utaemon V, Seki Sanjűr˘ V

Brother: Nakamura Nakasuke III

Brother-in-law: Nakamura Kamon II

Son: Nakamura Umenosuke IV

Grandson: Nakamura Baijaku II

Career:

November 1905: he makes his first appearance on stage at the Ryűseiza, where he receives the name of Nakamura Umemaru and plays the role of Karasu Tengű in the drama "Yamanba".

October 1910: he becomes disciple of Seki Sanjűr˘ V and receives the name of Seki Hananosuke at the H˘raiza. His elder brother receives the name of Owariya Umenosuke.

1911: following a dispute with Seki Sanjűr˘ V, he takes back the name of Nakamura Umemaru.

Fall 1911: he becomes disciple of Nakamura Shikan V.

November 1911: Nakamura Umemaru and his elder brother Nakamura Umenosuke II respectively take the names of Nakamura Umenosuke III and Nakamura Kamon I at the Kabukiza; they perform in the special programs celebrating the shűmei of Nakamura Utaemon V.

27 April 1919: his father Nakamura Kan'emon II dies.

April 1920: he becomes nadai and takes the name of Nakamura Kan'emon III.

February 1926: foundation with Band˘ Utaz˘ and Nakamura Utagor˘ of a reformist study group named Tomodachiza ("the friends troupe"). Their first show is staged in Kanda at the Shingoeza and includes the jidaimono "Youchi Soga Kariba no Akebono", the sewamono "Domo Mata" and the dance "Hashi Benkei".

1929: 17th and final show for the Tomodachiza.

November 1929: he starts a reformist theater magazine name Gekisen ("Theater Combat"). He has to leave his master's clan because of his radical stand.

1930: Kan'emon leaves the Sh˘chiku, the main Kabuki show-producing company in Japan.

September 1930: revival at the Meijiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", produced under the title "T˘ryű Azuma Bunsh˘"; Kan'emon plays the role of the priest Zangetsu [casting].

May 1931: foundation of the Zenshinza troupe, a left-wing and progressive theater troupe led by Kawarazaki Ch˘jűr˘ IV and Kan'emon.

April 1932: Kan'emon plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Hosokawa Katsumoto and Arajishi Otokonosuke in the classic "Meiboku Sendai Hagi".

August 1932: Kan'emon plays at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ the role of Tanomo in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kameyama no Adauchi".

November 1933: the Zenshinza troupe produces for the first time the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘" at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ with Kan'emon (Togashi), Kawarazaki Ch˘jűr˘ IV (Benkei) and Kawarazaki Kunitar˘ V (Yoshitsune).

June 1938: Kan'emon plays at the Shinjuku Daiichi Gekij˘ the role of Kyűsaku in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Osome no Nanayaku".

1941: Kan'emon plays the role of Tominomori Sukeemon in the movie "Genroku Chűshingura", which is directed by Mizoguchi Kenji and produced by the compagnie Sh˘chiku.

June 1942: Kan'emon plays for the first time the role of Sukeemon in the "Ohama Goten" scene of the drama "Genroku Chűshingura", which is staged at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘.

July ~ October 1947: Kan'emon plays for the first time the role of S˘gor˘ in the drama "Shin Sarayashiki Tsuki no Amagasa", which is staged during a Zenshinza Japan tour.

1952 ~ 1955: clandestine study stay in China.

November 1958: Kan'emon plays the role of Soga no Iruka in the bombastic drama "Z˘hiki" (which belongs to the Kabuki Jűhachiban), revived by the Zenshinza and staged at the Yomiuri Hall (T˘ky˘).

December 1959: Kan'emon plays at the Meijiza the role of Sasano Sangobei in Namiki Gohei I's drama "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime". His stage partners are Kawarazaki Ch˘jűr˘ IV (Satsuma Gengobŕ) and Kawarazaki Kunitar˘ V (Sakuraya Koman).

1965: Kan'emon plays in the movie "Kaidan", directed by Kobayashi Masaki.

January 1967: ideological breaking off between Kawarazaki Ch˘jűr˘ IV and Kan'emon, the two mainstays of the Zenshinza; the former actor is suddenly expelled from the Zenshinza.

1969: Kan'emon plays in the movie "Tengűt˘", directed by Yamamoto Satsuo.

December 1972: Kan'emon plays for the last time the role of Sakanaya S˘gor˘ in the drama "Shin Sarayashiki Tsuki no Amagasa", which is staged during a Zenshinza Japan tour.

December 1975: Kan'emon plays for the last time the role of Sukeemon in the "Ohama Goten" scene of the drama "Genroku Chűshingura", which is staged at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘.

December 1978: Kan'emon plays at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ the role of Gapp˘ in Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Ehon Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji".

Comments:

Nakamura Kan'emon III was the cofounder of the Zenshinza troupe and an amazing tachiyaku actor, who played an important role in the revivals of old classics or the productions of new dramas. His forte were sewamono dramas.

Nakamura Kan'emon III's best roles : Shunkan ("Heike Nyogo no Shima"), Sakanaya S˘gor˘ ("Shin Sarayashiki Tsuki no Amagasa"), Mohei ("Ippon Gatana Dohy˘ Iri") and Sukeemon ("Ohama Goten").

The Nakamura Umenosuke line of actors

 
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