KAWARAZAKI CHJR IV

Stage names:

Kawarazaki Chjr IV In Japanese
Kawarazaki Toranosuke In Japanese

Real name: Kawarazaki Toranosuke

Guild: Yamazakiya

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Existence: 13 December 1902 ~ 22 September 1981

Connections:

Father: Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VIII

Sons: Kawarazaki Chichir, Kawarazaki Jir, Kawarazaki Kenz

Career:

September 1905: first stage appearance, at the Kabukiza, in a program commemorating the 2nd anniversary (3rd memorial service) of the passing away of late Ichikawa Danjr IX.

July 1913: Kawarazaki Toranosuke took the name of Kawarazaki Chjr IV.

1919: Chjr joined the troupe led by Ichikawa Sadanji II.

March 1921: Chjr played at the Suehiroza (Nagoya) the role of Ob Kichisa in Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sannin Kichisa"; his stage partners were Onoe Eizabur VII (Oj Kichisa) and Onoe Kz II (Osh Kichisa).

Summer 1928: Ichikawa Sadanji II organized the first tour of a Kabuki troupe outside Japan; Chjr took part in this tour [more details].

May 1931: founding of the Zenshinza troupe, a left-wing and progressive theater troupe led by Nakamura Kan'emon III and Chjr.

November 1933: the Zenshinza troupe produced for the first time the dance-drama "Kanjinch", in Tky at the Shinbashi Enbuj, with Chjr (Benkei), Nakamura Kan'emon III (Togashi) and Kawarazaki Kunitar V (Yoshitsune).

1936: Chjr played the role of Kchiyama Sshun in the eponymous movie directed by Yamanaka Sadao.

June 1942: Chjr played for the first time the role of Tokugawa Tsunatoyo in the drama "Ohama Goten", which was staged at the Shinbashi Enbuj.

1944: Chjr played the role of Miyamoto Musashi in the eponymous movie directed by Mizoguchi Kenji.

1958 ~ 1959: the Zenshinza troupe produced the bombastic play "Gedatsu" with Chjr and Kawarazaki Kunitar V in the roles of Taira no Kagekiyo and the courtesan Akoya. The play was performed in January 1958 in Nagoya (Misonoza), in February 1958 in saka (Kabukiza), in March 1958 in Kyto (Minamiza) and in July 1959 in Tky (Meijiza).

December 1959: Chjr played at the Meijiza the role of Satsuma Gengob in Namiki Gohei I's drama "Godairiki Koi no Fjime"; his stage partners were Nakamura Kan'emon III (Sasano Sangobei) and Kawarazaki Kunitar V (Sakuraya Koman).

1960: first stay in the Popular Republic of China.

February 1963: Chjr played for the last time the role of Tokugawa Tsunatoyo in the drama "Ohama Goten", which was staged at the Minamiza (Kyto).

1965: second stay in the Popular Republic of China.

January 1967: ideological breaking off with Nakamura Kan'emon III; Chjr was no more a member of the Zenshinza troupe.

22 September 1981: Chjr died.

Comments:

Kawarazaki Chjr IV was the cofounder of the Zenshinza troupe and an amazing tachiyaku, able of playing the best roles in the aragoto style like Benkei ("Kanjinch") or the wicked priest Narukami ("Narukami").

Kawarazaki Chjr IV in the role of Musashib Benkei in the dance-drama "Kanjinch"

 
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