SAWAMURA TOSSHI VII

Stage names:

Sawamura Tosshi VII
Nakamura Sennosuke II
Ichikawa Sennosuke

Real name: It˘ Sennosuke

Nickname: M˘yű ("the ferocious actor")

Guild: Kinokuniya

Line number: SHICHIDAIME (VII)

Poetry name: Tosshi (7)

Existence: 20th day of the 4th lunar month of 1860 ~ 26 March 1926

Connections:

Adoptive father: Suketakaya Takasuke IV

Adopted brother: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ VII

Sons: Suketakaya Kodenji I, Sawamura S˘nosuke I, Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ VII

Grandsons: Sawamura S˘nosuke II, Sawamura Sh˘nosuke

Nephew: Suketakaya Kodenji II

Son-in-law: Sawamura Tosshi VIII

Disciples: Sawamura Shirogor˘ V, Sawamura Tokusabur˘

Career:

1860 ~ 1881: born in Nagoya in the district of Deki-Ch˘ in a samurai family. He becomes bonze in Ky˘to at the temple Daitokuji but leaves soon the monastic world to join a children-actors troupe. He makes his first stage apperance in 1874 in ďgaki, playing under the name of Ichikawa Sennosuke. A few years later he takes the name of Nakamura Sennosuke II. He moves to T˘ky˘ in 1877 and plays mainly at the Harukiza.

June 1881: Sennosuke gets married with It˘ Haruko, whose aunt is the spouse of the star Suketakaya Takasuke IV. Sennosuke is adopted a few months later by this actor.

September 1882: Nakamura Sennosuke II takes the name of Sawamura Tosshi VII at the Harukiza, playing the role of Oda Harunaga in the drama "Oke Hazama Narumi Gundan". Tosshi is one of the haimy˘ used by the Sawamura S˘jűr˘ line of actors and Sawamura Tosshi VII is the first actor to use it as a stage name.

November 1883: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Z˘ho Tenjiku Tokubŕ", a revision of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi"; Tosshi plays the roles of Sasaki Katsuranosuke and Sasano Saiz˘ [casting].

January 1885: Tosshi plays at the Tsutaza (Yokohama) the role of Wada no Hy˘e Hidemori in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata"; the role of Sasaki Moritsuna is played by Suketakaya Takasuke IV.

November 1887: Tosshi takes part in the opening ceremony of the Azumaza [more details].

January 1888: Tosshi plays at the Azumaza the role of Wada no Hy˘e Hidemori in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata"; the role of Sasaki Moritsuna is played by Ichikawa Kuz˘ III.

March 1889: Tosshi plays for the first time the role of Takechi Mitsuhide in the drama "Ehon Taik˘ki", which is staged at the Azumaza.

May 1892: Tosshi plays for the first time the roles of Sodehagi and Abe no Sadat˘ in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which is staged at the Sawamuraza (T˘ky˘); His stage partners are Sawamura Yodogor˘ (Munet˘), Sawamura S˘nosuke I (Okimi) and Ichikawa Danzabur˘ IX (Yoshiie).

November 1896: Tosshi takes part in the opening ceremony of the Miyatoza [more details].

December 1898: Tosshi plays at the Miyatoza the role of Igami no Gonta in the "Sushiya" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

February 1900: Tosshi plays for the first time the roles of the villain Motoemon and K˘emon in the drama "Tengajaya-mura", which is staged at the Engiza (T˘ky˘); His stage partners are Nakamura Shikaku (Iori), Seki Hanasuke II (Genjir˘) and Ichikawa Danz˘ VII (T˘ma Sabur˘emon).

January 1902: Tosshi plays at the Harukiza the role of the shiraby˘shi in the dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji".

March 1903: Tosshi plays at the Misonoza (Nagoya) the role of Shigetada in the play "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki". His stage partners in the roles of Akoya and Iwanaga are Sawamura S˘nosuke I and Seki Hanasuke II.

June 1903: Tosshi plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Iwafuji in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie"; the roles of Onoe and Ohatsu are performed by Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ IV and Nakamura Fukusuke III.

October 1904: Tosshi plays at the Miyatoza the role of Matahei in the play "Domo Mata". The role of Otoku, Matahei's wife, is played by Ichikawa Kigan IV.

October 1905: Tosshi plays at the Engiza the roles of Taira no Tomomori and Igami no Gonta in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

March 1906: Tsubouchi Sh˘y˘'s drama "Hototogisu Koj˘ no Rakugetsu" is produced for the first time in T˘ky˘, at the T˘ky˘za; Tosshi plays the role of ďno Shurinosuke [casting].

June 1906: Tosshi plays for the last time the role of Takechi Mitsuhide in the play "Ehon Taik˘ki", which is staged at the Meijiza.

January 1914: Tosshi plays at the T˘ky˘za the roles of Yuranosuke, Yajirobei and Shimizu Ikkaku in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

May 1917: Tosshi plays at the Bentenza (ďsaka) the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

October 1918: Tosshi plays at the Azumaza the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

January 1921: Tosshi plays at the Tatsumi Gekij˘ the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

December 1922: Tosshi plays at the Mikuniza the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

March 1924: Tosshi plays at the Kanda Gekij˘ the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the "Kumagai Jin'ya" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

May 1924: Tosshi plays for the last time the role of the villain Motoemon in the drama "Tengajaya-mura", which is staged at the Azabu Meijiza (T˘ky˘); his stage partners are Onoe Kikuemon (Iori), Nakamura Katsugor˘ (Genjir˘) and Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ II (T˘ma Sabur˘emon).

April 1925: Tosshi plays for the last time the roles of Sodehagi and Abe no Sadat˘ in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which is staged at the Tokiwaza.

July 1925: Tosshi appears on stage for the last time, at the K˘en Gekij˘, playing the role of Baba Sabur˘ in the drama "ďsakazuki Shusen no Tsuwamono".

Comments:

Sawamura Tosshi VII was a popular kaneru yakusha, who made a great career mainly on the Koshibai stages (Asakusaza, Azumaza, Engiza, Miyatoza). He excelled in the big tachimawari scenes, gaining the nickname of "ferocious actor" (m˘yű).

Sawamura Tosshi VII's best roles: Jir˘zaemon ("Kagotsurube Sato no Eizame"), Marubashi Chűya ("Keian Taiheiki"), Terutora ("Shinshű Kawanakajima Gassen") and Sodehagi/Abe no Sadat˘ ("ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara").

Sawamura Tosshi VII playing the role of Momonoi Wakasanosuke in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura" (print made by Toyohara Kunichika in 1894)

The Nakamura Sennosuke line of actors

The Sawamura Tosshi line of actors

 
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