ONOE SHďROKU II

Stage names:

Onoe Sh˘roku II In Japanese
Matsumoto Yutaka In Japanese

Dance names (Buy˘):

Fujima Kansai II In Japanese
Fujima Kan'emon IV In Japanese

Real name: Fujima Yutaka

Guild: Otowaya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Kinsen

Existence: 28 March 1913 ~ 25 June 1989

Connections:

Father: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII

Master: Onoe Kikugor˘ VI

Brothers: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII (Haku˘), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XI

Son: Onoe Tatsunosuke I

Grandson: Onoe Sh˘roku IV

Great-grandson: Onoe Sakon III

Career:

28 March 1913: born in T˘ky˘.

October 1918: he made his first appearance on stage at the Imperial Theater, where he received the name of Matsumoto Yutaka and played the role of Ishiwakamaru in the drama "Shusse Kagekiyo".

March 1935: he became disciple of Onoe Kikugor˘ VI and received the name of Onoe Sh˘roku II [1] at the Kabukiza; the new Sh˘roku played the roles of Arajishi Otokonosuke and Bant˘nai in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" and the dance-drama "Tsuchi-gumo".

1937: Onoe Sh˘roku II became the head of the Fujima School of traditional dance and, as a dance master, he took the name of Fujima Kan'emon IV.

May 1947: revival at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of the drama "Jayanagi"; Sh˘roku played the role of the yamabushi Shunj˘b˘ Jűgen [more details].

September 1947: premiere at the Imperial Theater of Atsumi Seitar˘'s version of "Nans˘ Satomi Hakkenden"; Sh˘roku played the role of Inuta Kobungo Yasuyori [casting].

27 January 1949: his father Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VII died.

10 July 1949: his master Onoe Kikugor˘ VI died.

July 1951: revival at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Sh˘roku played the role of ďmu no Ryűz˘, later the priest Ryűzen [casting].

January 1952: premiere at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ of Hagiwara Yukio's Kiyomoto-based d˘j˘jimono "Yuki no D˘j˘ji"; Sh˘roku played the role of a young shugenja [casting].

October 1952: premiere at the Kabukiza of Osaragi Jir˘'s drama "Wakaki Hi no Nobunaga"; Sh˘roku played the role of Hirate Masahide [casting]. He also plays for the first time the role of the smuggler Kezori in the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi"; his stage partners in the roles of S˘shichi and the courtesan Kojor˘ were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ IX and Onoe Baik˘ VII.

March 1953: premiere at the Kabukiza of Osaragi Jir˘'s drama "Edo no Yűbae"; Sh˘roku played the role of the hatamoto D˘mae Daikichi [casting].

March 1954: premiere at the Kabukiza of the 1st part of Funahashi Seiichi's drama "Ejima Ikushima"; Sh˘roku played the role of the Kabuki actor Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II [more details].

March 1954: first edition at the Kabukiza from the 27th to the 28th of March of the Tsubomikai, a study group led by Nakamura Utaemon VI [more details]. It included the revival of the dance-drama "Oshidori" in which Sh˘roku played the role of Matano Gor˘ Kagehisa [more details].

October 1954: premiere at the Kabukiza of the 2nd part of Funahashi Seiichi's drama "Ejima Ikushima"; Sh˘roku played the role of the Kabuki actor Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II [more details].

December 1954: premiere at the Meijiza of Kawaguchi Matsutar˘'s revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi", which was entitled "Osan Mohei"; Sh˘roku played the role of Akamatsu Bairyű [casting].

March 1955: premiere at the Kabukiza of the 3rd (and last) part of Funahashi Seiichi's drama "Ejima Ikushima"; Sh˘roku played the roles of Arai Hakuseki and the Kabuki actor Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II [more details].

January 1958: premiere at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ of the of the matsubamemono dance-drama "T˘zum˘"; Sh˘roku played the role of a Japanese sum˘tori [more details].

June ~ July 1960: Sh˘roku took part in the first Kabuki tour in the USA; He played the roles of Benkei, Yuranosuke, Moron˘ and Tamanoi in the dramas "Kanjinch˘", "Kanadehon Chűshingura" and "Migawari Zazen" [casting].

June 1963: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's Nagauta-based dance-drama "ďeyama Shuten D˘ji"; Sh˘roku played the role of Minamoto Yorimitsu (Raik˘) [casting]. Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" was produced for the first time at the Kabukiza; Sh˘roku played the role of Danshichi Mohŕ [casting].

January 1967: revival at the National Theatre of "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; Sh˘roku played the roles of the wicked priest Narukami, Kumedera Danj˘ and the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ [casting].

February 1967: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's dance-drama "Dattan"; Sh˘roku played the role of the priest Shűkei [casting].

1972: Sh˘roku received the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh˘ in Japanese).

October 1973: Sh˘roku played at the Kabukiza the roles of Igami-no-Gonta, Nippon Daemon, ďdate Samagor˘ Teruhide and Kabutoya Yogor˘ in "Sushiya", "Benten Koz˘", "Musume D˘j˘ji" and "Gosho no Goroz˘", which were staged to celebrate the shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ VII.

November 1973: Sh˘roku played at the Kabukiza the roles of Watanabe Genji Tsuna, Matahei and Ikyű in "Ibaraki", "Domo Mata" and "Sukeroku", which were staged to celebrate the second month of shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ VII.

February 1975: premiere at the Kabukiza of Ikenami Sh˘tar˘'s drama "Debauchi Otama"; Sh˘roku played the role of Masuda Sh˘z˘ [more details].

1975: Fujima Kan'emon IV took the name of Fujima Kansai II and gave his previous dance master name to his son Onoe Tatsunosuke I, who became Fujima Kan'emon V.

February 1977: premiere at the Kabukiza of Ikenami Sh˘tar˘'s drama "Ichimatsu Koz˘ no Onna"; Sh˘roku played the role of the d˘shin Nagai Yogor˘ [more details].

February 1978: premiere at the Kabukiza of Ikenami Sh˘tar˘'s drama "Aibiki no Onna"; Sh˘roku played the role of the Tamanoo teishu Ch˘bŕ [more details].

October 1979: Sh˘roku plays for the last time the role of the smuggler Kezori in the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi", which was staged at the Kabukiza; his stage partners in the roles of S˘shichi and the courtesan Kojor˘ were S˘shichi and Kojor˘ were Onoe Kikugor˘ VII and Nakamura Jakuemon IV.

January 1982: revival at the National Theatre of the bombastic drama "Z˘hiki" [2], a play in the aragoto style; Sh˘roku played the role of the warrior Mita no Genji Takeru [casting].

January 1983: revival of "Nanatsu Men" at the National Theatre; Sh˘roku played the role of the mask-maker Gagoze Akaemon, in reality Akushichiby˘e Kagekiyo [casting].

January 1984: historic revival at the National Theatre of the play "Sankai Nagoya"; Sh˘roku played the roles of Fuwa Banzaemon Terumasa and Sh˘ki Daijin [casting].

January 1985: revival at the National Theatre of the drama "Kan U" [2]; Sh˘roku played the role of Hatakeyama no Shigetada, later the Chinese general Kan U [casting].

Summer 1985: tour in the USA; Sh˘roku played the roles of Kiyohara no Takehira and the priest Chichű (in reality the spirit of the ground spider) in the drama "Shibaraku" and the dance-drama "Tsuchi-gumo", which celebrated the shűmei in the USA of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XII [more details].

January 1986: revival at the National Theatre of the rarely-staged drama "Uwanari" [2]; Sh˘roku played the role of K˘ga no Sabur˘ Kaneie [more details].

28 March 1987: his son Onoe Tatsunosuke I died.

February 1989: Sh˘roku appeared on stage for the last time, in T˘ky˘ at the Kabukiza, where he played the roles of Ishikawa Goemon [3] and Nippon Daemon in the drama "Sanmon" and the shibai mae "Kasane ďgi Yukari no Ekurabe" [4].

25 June 1989: Sh˘roku died.

Comments:

Onoe Sh˘roku II was one of the best tachiyaku of the Sh˘wa era. His physical appearance evoked the great aragotoshi of the Genroku era.

Onoe Sh˘roku II's best roles: Musashib˘ Benkei ("Kanjinch˘"), the hairdresser Shinza ("Kamiyui Shinza"), the Earth Spider ("Tsuchi-gumo"), the wicked priest Narukami ("Narukami"), Kumedera Danj˘ ("Kenuki"), Igami no Gonta/Taira no Tomomori/the fox Genkur˘/Tadanobu ("Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"), Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa ("Shibaraku"), the fishmonger S˘gor˘ ("Sakanaya S˘gor˘"), Umekichi/D˘gen ("Mekura Nagaya Ume-ga-Kagatobi").

[1] The previous official holder of this name, Onoe Sh˘roku I, held it up to the 10th lunar month of 1815. An important disciple of Onoe Kikugor˘ III held this name from the 10th lunar month of 1849 to May 1873. He was considered as Onoe Sh˘roku II in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten".

[2] A drama belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban.

[3] The role of Mashiba Hisayoshi was played by Onoe Baik˘ VII.

[4] These dramas were part of a program celebrating the 40th anniversary of the Onoe Kikugor˘ Gekidan.

Onoe Sh˘roku II playing the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" (print made by ďta Masamitsu in 1955)

Prints & Illustrations

The Onoe Sh˘roku line of actors

 
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