|ICHIKAWA EN'ď II|
Real name: Kinoshi Masahiko
Line number: NIDAIME (II)
Existence: 9 December 1939 ~ 13 September 2023
Great-grandfather: Ichikawa Danshir˘ II (Ichikawa Ennosuke I)
Grandfather: Ichikawa En'˘ I (Ichikawa Ennosuke II)
Father: Ichikawa Danshir˘ III
Brother: Ichikawa Danshir˘ IV
Son: Ichikawa Chűsha IX
Grandson: Ichikawa Danko V
Nephew: Ichikawa Ennosuke IV
May 1963: big name-taking ceremony for the Omodakaya guild; Ichikawa Ennosuke II, Ichikawa Danko III and Ichikawa Kamejir˘ I respectively took the names of Ichikawa En'˘ I, Ichikawa Ennosuke III and Ichikawa Danko IV . The new Ennosuke celebrated his shűmei by performing in the dance-drama "Kurozuka", the jidaimono "Kamakura Sandaiki" and the michiyuki "Yoshinoyama".
January 1964: revival at the Nissay Theatre of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's spectacular drama "Kin no Zai Sarushima Dairi"; Ennosuke played the roles of the musume Okiyo (in reality Princess Kiyo), Fujiwara no Tadabumi, the shiraby˘shi Hanako (in reality the ghost of Princess Kiyo) and the ky˘genshi Masuroku (in reality the ghost of Tadabumi) [casting].
April 1968: Ennosuke performed for the first time a chűnori exit for the role of the fox Genkur˘ at the end of the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was staged at the National Theatre.
April 1976: revival at the Meijiza of Katsu Genz˘ III's drama "Ogasawara S˘d˘"; Ennosuke played the roles of Okada Ry˘suke, the yakko Kikuhei (in reality the fox of Mt. My˘jin) and Ogasawara T˘t˘mi-no-Kami [casting].
May 1977: revival at the Minamiza of Katsu Genz˘ III's drama "Ogasawara S˘d˘"; Ennosuke played the roles of Inugami Hy˘bu, Okada Ry˘suke and the yakko Kikuhei (in reality the fox of Mt. My˘jin) [casting].
July 1977: revival at the Kabukiza of Katsu Genz˘ III's drama "Ogasawara S˘d˘"; Ennosuke played the roles of Inugami Hy˘bu, Okada Ry˘suke and the yakko Kikuhei (in reality the fox of Mt. My˘jin) [casting].
April 1979: revival at the Meijiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV long-forgotten play "Haji Momiji Ase no Kaomise" (commonly called "Date no Jűyaku", in English 'the Ten Roles of Date'), whose plot and characters belonged to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" and "Kasane" worlds. The play was produced by Ennosuke, who played the ten roles with many hayagawari [casting].
April 1981: premiere at the Meijiza of the dance "Taik˘ Sanbas˘", which was staged within Nagawa Sh˘suke's drama "Sennari Hisago Mashira no Kaomise"; Ennosuke played the role of Toyotomi Hideyoshi performing the sanbas˘'s dance.
July 1981: revival at the Kabukiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Hitori Tabi Gojűsan Tsugi"; Ennosuke played the roles of Yurugi Daigaku, the umakata Sankichi (in reality Tanba Yohachir˘), Omatsu, Osan (in reality the spirit of the Cat Demon), the hinin Edobei, the ghost of Omatsu, Nippon Daemon (in reality Tanba Yohachir˘), the decchi Ch˘kichi, Shinanoya Ohan, the courtesan Yukino, Okinu, Benten Koz˘ Kikunosuke, Dote no D˘tetsu, Oshige, the tobi boss Masakichi, the thunder, a ferryman, Kimon no Kihŕ and Dote no Oroku [casting].
April 1984: revival at the Meijiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's 1813 kaomise drama "Gohiiki Tsunagi Uma"; Ennosuke played the roles of S˘ma Tar˘ Yoshikado, the wakashu Kohata Tomoenosuke (in reality the spirit of the tsuchi-gumo), the zat˘ Kayű (in reality Yoshikado), the sakanaya Ebizako-no-Jű (in reality Watanabe Genji Tsuna) and the priest Chichű (in reality the spirit of the tsuchi-gumo) [more details].
29 June 1998: the ďsaka District Court slapped an injunction on an unnamed 51-year-old female fan who had been stalking him for the previous six years. She was prohibited from approaching within 200 meters of him, banned from the theaters at which he performed and ordered to pay YEN 500,000 in compensation (text courtesy of Jean Wilson) [more details].
19 April 2000: Ennosuke performed his 5,000th flying stunt, called chűnori, on stage at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘, playing the role of Guan Yu in the Super-Kabuki drama "Shin Sangokushi" (New Three Kingdoms).
October 2003: revival at the National Theatre with the Omodakaya guild of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari"; Ennosuke played the roles of Ki no Aritsune and Natora's ghost [casting].
February 2004: Ennosuke was back on stage, playing the role of Ichij˘ ďkura Naganari in the "Ichij˘ ďkura Monogatari" act of the drama "Kiichi H˘gen Sanryaku no Maki", which was the core of the program of an Omodakaya Japan tour. Because of some minor health problems in his lever, Ennosuke decided to rest longer after this tour and stopped acting up to the end of 2004.
June 2012: Ichikawa Ennosuke III and his nephew Ichikawa Kamejir˘ II respectively took the names of Ichikawa En'˘ II and Ichikawa Ennosuke IV at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘, performing in a special program which celebrated the hatsubutai of both Ichikawa Chűsha IX and Ichikawa Danko V and commemorated the 49th anniversary (50th memorial service) of late Ichikawa En'˘ I and Ichikawa Danshir˘ III [more details].
June 2013: Ichikawa En'˘ II, Ichikawa Ennosuke IV and Ichikawa Chűsha IX celebrate their shűmei in Fukuoka at the Hakataza. En'˘ was too frail to appear on stage everyday; he performed the 2nd of June the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi in "Sanmon" and makes a short stage appearance, in a wheelchair, for the curtain call at the end of the evening program the 24th of June [more details].
13 September 2023: En'˘ died in T˘ky˘.
Ichikawa En'˘ II was one of the most popular contemporary Kabuki actors. As a dynamic and innovative zagashira, he started a big revolution against the conservatism of Kabuki. More action, more stage tricks (keren), amazing costums and gigantic stage fights, everything was written in big letters in the Kabuki deviced by this charismatic actor. He revived chűnori in an effort to bring back the joy and vigor that Kabuki had during the Edo period. Although it was once scolded by high-brow critics as being a circus-like trick, chűnori has obtained enormous support from contemporary audiences. About 8 million people have seen him perform it in various dramas (as of April 2000). His philosophy of acting was based on the 3 S's: Supţdo ('Speed'), Sut˘ri ('Story') and Supekutakuru ('Spectacle').
Ichikawa En'˘ II created his own genre of theatre, called SűpÔ Kabuki in Japanese ("Super Kabuki" in English). It kept many features of Kabuki, combined with the use of modern language and top-of-the-art stage effects.
Ichikawa En'˘ II was also famous for the revivals of many long-forgotten plays like the amazing "Date no Jűyaku" (the ten roles of Date), written by Tsuruya Nanboku IV for Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII and performed only in the 7th lunar month of 1815. Tobe Ginsaku rewrote the script in 1979 and he played the famous ten roles in April 1979 at the Meijiza.
The Ichikawa Danko line of actors
The Ichikawa Ennosuke line of actors
The Ichikawa En'˘ line of actors
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