ICHIMURA UZAEMON XVII

Stage names:

Ichimura Uzaemon XVII In Japanese
Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VII In Japanese
Band˘ Shinsui VII In Japanese
Band˘ Kamesabur˘ III In Japanese

Real name: Band˘ Mamoru

Guilds: Tachibanaya

Line number: J█SHICHIDAIME (XVII)

Existence: 11 July 1916 ~ 8 July 2001

Connection:

Great-great-grandfathers: Onoe Kikugor˘ III, Ichimura Uzaemon XI

Great-grandfather: Ichimura Takenoj˘ V (Ichimura Uzaemon XII)

Grandfather: Onoe Kikugor˘ V (Ichimura Uzaemon XIII)

Father: Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VI

Sons: Band˘ Rakuzen (Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VIII), Ichimura Manjir˘ II, Kawarasaki Gonjűr˘ IV

Grandsons: Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IX, Band˘ Kamez˘ III, Ichimura Takematsu VI, Ichimura Hikaru

Great-grandson: Band˘ Kamesabur˘ VI

Disciples: Band˘ Kitsutar˘, Band˘ Tachibana, Band˘ Tsurue, Band˘ Yaez˘

Career:

October 1921: he made his first stage appearance, at the Imperial Theater, where he received the name of Band˘ Kamesabur˘ III and played the role of Tsurukichi in the drama "Meigetsu Hachiman Matsuri".

March 1935: Band˘ Kamesabur˘ III took the name of Band˘ Shinsui VII at the Kabukiza, playing the role of the yakko Datehei in the dance-drama "Otowadake Danmari". Shinsui was one of the haimy˘ used by the Band˘ Hikosabur˘ line of actors and Band˘ Shinsui VII was the first actor to use it as a stage name.

April 1936: revival at the Kabukiza of the drama "Uwanari", a play to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Shinsui played the role of the disciple Kingaku [more details].

October 1942: Band˘ Shinsui VII took the name of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VII at the Kabukiza, playing the role of the oshimodoshi demon-queller and Ibuki T˘ta in the dance-drama "Futa Omote" and the drama "Moritsuna Jin'ya".

May 1947: revival at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ of the drama "Jayanagi"; Hikosabur˘ played the role of Heinai [more details].

September 1947: premiere at the Imperial Theater of Atsumi Seitar˘'s version of "Nans˘ Satomi Hakkenden"; Hikosabur˘ played the roles of Inukawa S˘suke and Yamabayashi Fusahachi [casting].

July 1951: revival at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Hikosabur˘ played the roles of the thief Akatsuki Hoshiemon and ďzakaya Kihachi (in reality Akatsuki Hoshiemon) [casting].

March 1953: premiere at the Kabukiza of Osaragi Jir˘'s drama "Edo no Yűbae"; Hikosabur˘ played the role of Yoshida Ippeita [casting].

March 1954: premiere at the Kabukiza of the 1st part of Funahashi Seiichi's drama "Ejima Ikushima"; Hikosabur˘ played the role of Manabe Echizen-no-Kami Akifusa [more details].

December 1954: premiere at the Meijiza of Kawaguchi Matsutar˘'s revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi", which was entitled "Osan Mohei"; Hikosabur˘ played the role of the daiky˘ji Ishun [casting].

March 1955: premiere at the Kabukiza of the 3rd (and last) part of Funahashi Seiichi's drama "Ejima Ikushima"; Hikosabur˘ played the roles of Akimoto Tajima-no-Kami and Kido Jűbŕ Katsumasa [more details].

October 1955: Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VII took the name of Ichimura Uzaemon XVII at the Kabukiza, playing the roles of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki, Wada no Hy˘e Hidemori, Minamoto no Raik˘ and Izumiya Tazaemon in "Ishikiri Kajiwara", "Moritsuna Jin'ya", "Tsuchi-gumo" and "Kirare Yosa"; the program commemorated the memorial services of the passing away of both Onoe Baik˘ VI and Ichimura Uzaemon XV; this was also the hatsubutai of Uzaemon's second son Ichimura Takematsu V.

November 1955: Uzaemon celebrated his shűmei [1] in ďsaka at the ďsaka Kabukiza, playing the roles of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki, Kiichi H˘gen, the father shishi and Haruki-ch˘ Minosuke in "Ishikiri Kajiwara", "Kikubatake", "Renjishi" and "Kagatobi".

December 1955: Uzaemon celebrated both his shűmei and the 5th anniversary of the reopening of the Meijiza, playing the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke (1st and 3rd acts), Fuwa Kazuemon (6th act), Teraoka Heiemon (7th act) and Kobayashi Heihachir˘ (11th act) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

May 1956: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Sushiya".

April 1957: Uzaemon played at the Misonoza the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Sushiya".

January 1958: premiere at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ of the of the matsubamemono dance-drama "T˘zum˘"; Uzaemon played the role of the interpreter (tsűji) [more details].

June 1958: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the bombastic role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the spectacular drama "Ya-no-Ne"; the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari was played by Onoe Baik˘ VII. He also played the role of Shund˘ Genba in the drama "Terakoya".

September 1958: Uzaemon played at the Meijiza the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Sushiya".

May 1959: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of Hayami no T˘ta in the dance-drama "Yoshinoyama".

December 1959: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the roles of Yakushiji Jirozaemon (4th act), Ono no Sadakur˘ (5th act), Fuwa Kazuemon (6th act) and Kobayashi Heihachir˘ (11th act) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

June 1960: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the bombastic role of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa in the spectacular drama "Shibaraku"; the role of the villain Kiyohara no Takehira was played by Ichikawa Danz˘ VIII.

December 1961: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the roles of Fuwa Kazuemon (6th act) and Teraoka Heiemon (7th act) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

May 1962: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the bombastic role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the spectacular drama "Ya-no-Ne"; the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari was played by Ichikawa Sadanji III; this drama was staged to celebrate the shűmei of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XI.

June 1962: revival at the Kabukiza under the supervision of Takechi Tetsuji of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Keisei Yamato Z˘shi"; Uzaemon played the role of Koshino Kanzaemon [more details].

January 1963: Uzaemon played at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘ the role of Togashi Saemon in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Musashib˘ Benkei and Minamoto no Yoshitsune were played by Onoe Sh˘roku II and Onoe Baik˘ VII.

June 1963: Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" was produced for the first time at the Kabukiza; Uzaemon played the role of Daimonjiya Jihŕ (commonly called Sakai no Daiji) [casting].

December 1963: Uzaemon played at the Minamiza the bombastic role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the spectacular drama "Ya-no-Ne"; the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari was played by Kawarasaki Gonjűr˘ III.

October 1965: Uzaemon took part in the first Kabuki tour in Western Europe; he played the roles of Matsu˘maru, Tanzaemon and Yuranosuke in the plays "Kurumabiki", "Heike Nyogo no Shima" and "Kanadehon Chűshingura" [casting].

December 1965: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke (4th, 7th, 10th and 11th acts) and Yoshida Chűzaemon (6th act) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

February 1967: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's dance-drama "Dattan"; Uzaemon played the role of the d˘d˘ji [casting].

November 1968: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke (1st and 3rd acts) and Ono no Sadakur˘ (5th act) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

November 1969: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the bombastic role of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa in the spectacular drama "Shibaraku"; the role of the villain Kiyohara no Takehira was played by Onoe Kur˘emon II; this drama was staged to celebrate the shűmei of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ X.

December 1969: revival at the Kabukiza of the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Kumo no Ito Azusa no Yumihari"; Uzaemon played the role of Minamoto Yorimitsu [more details].

May 1970: Uzaemon played at the ďsaka Shinkabukiza the bombastic role of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa in the spectacular drama "Shibaraku"; the role of the villain Kiyohara no Takehira was played by Kawarasaki Gonjűr˘ III; this drama was staged to celebrate the shűmei in ďsaka of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ X.

October 1970: Uzaemon played at the Misonoza the bombastic role of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa in the spectacular drama "Shibaraku"; the role of the villain Kiyohara no Takehira was played by Kawarasaki Gonjűr˘ III; this drama was staged to celebrate the shűmei in Nagoya of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ X.

February 1971: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the drama "Benkei J˘shi"; the role of Owasa and Shinobu were played by Nakamura Senjaku II and Ichikawa Monnosuke VII.

April 1971: revival at the National Theatre of Nagawa Shimesuke I's drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage"; Uzaemon played the role of Asayama Shuzen [casting].

December 1972: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of Hayano Kanpei in the michiyuki "Michiyuki Tabiji no Hanamuko"; the role of Shizuka Gozen was played by ďkawa Hashiz˘ II.

February 1973: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke (4th, 7th and 9th acts) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

May 1973: Uzaemon played at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Yamashina Kankyo".

June 1973: revival at the National Theatre of Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Kokoro no Nazo Toketa Iroito"; Uzaemon played the roles of Kaze-no-Kami Kizaemon and Anoya Jűbŕ [casting].

December 1973: Uzaemon played at the National Theatre the roles of K˘ no Moron˘ (1st and 3rd acts) and Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ (4th act) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

February 1975: premiere at the Kabukiza of Ikenami Sh˘tar˘'s drama "Debauchi Otama"; Uzaemon played the role of Mori T˘jűr˘ [more details].

March 1975: revival at the National Theatre of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jiraiya G˘ketsu Monogatari"; Uzaemon played the roles of Yashagor˘ and Tsukikage Gunry˘ Miyukinosuke [casting].

January 1976: Uzaemon played at the National Theatre the role of Togashi Saemon in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Musashib˘ Benkei and Minamoto no Yoshitsune were played by Onoe Sh˘roku II and Onoe Baik˘ VII.

November 1977: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke (1st and 3rd acts), Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ (4th act) and Fuwa Kazuemon (6th act) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

May 1978: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the bombastic role of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa in the spectacular drama "Shibaraku"; the role of the villain Kiyohara no Takehira was played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ V.

January 1979: tour in the Popular Republic of China.

January 1983: revival of "Nanatsu Men" at the National Theatre; Uzaemon played the role of Ema no Koshir˘ Yoshitoki [casting].

January 1982: revival at the National Theatre of "Z˘hiki", a bombastic play in the aragoto style belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Uzaemon played the role of the villain ďtomo no Kachimaro [casting].

January 1984: historic revival at the National Theatre of the play "Sankai Nagoya"; Uzaemon played the role of Umezu Kanimori [casting].

November 1984: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Yamashina Kankyo".

January 1985: revival at the National Theatre of the drama "Kan U", a play belonging to the Kabuki Jűhachiban; Uzaemon played the role of Kumagai Rensh˘b˘, later Ryű Bi [casting].

October 1986: Uzaemon played at the National Theatre the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘ (2nd and 3rd acts) and Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ (4th act) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

November 1986: Uzaemon played at the National Theatre the roles of Hara Goemon (6th act) and Teraoka Heiemon (7th act) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

December 1986: Uzaemon played at the National Theatre the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke (9th, 10th and 11th acts) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

June 1987: tour in USSR.

September 1988: tour in South Korea.

1990: Uzaemon received the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (Ningen Kokuh˘ in Japanese).

January 1991: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of the warrior-priest Musashib˘ Benkei in the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘"; the roles of Togashi Saemon and Minamoto no Yoshitsune were played by Nakamura Kichiemon II and Onoe Baik˘ VII.

February 1991: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the roles of K˘ no Moron˘ (1st and 3rd acts) and ďboshi Yuranosuke (7th and 11th acts) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

October 1992: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the drama "Benkei J˘shi"; the role of Owasa and Shinobu were played by Nakamura Jakuemon IV and Ichimura Manjir˘ II.

April 1993: Uzaemon played at the Meijiza the bombastic role of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa in the spectacular drama "Shibaraku"; the role of the villain Kiyohara no Takehira was played by Uzaemon's son Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VIII; this drama was staged to celebrate the reopening of the Meijiza.

May 1994: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the drama "Benkei J˘shi"; the role of Owasa and Owasa's daughter Shinobu were played by Nakamura Shikan VII and Nakamura Fukusuke IX [2].

February 1995: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of K˘ no Moron˘ (1st and 3rd acts) in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

February 1997: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Yamashina Kankyo".

November 1997: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of Yoshitsune in the drama "T˘yata Monogatari", which was staged to commemorate the 36th anniversary (37th memorial service) and the 22nd anniversary (23rd memorial service) of the passing away of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VII and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VIII; the roles of Iso no T˘yata and Shizuka Gozen were played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IX and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ IX.

April 1998: Uzaemon played at the Sh˘chikuza the role of the villain Kiyohara no Takehira in the spectacular drama "Shibaraku"; the role of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa was played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ XII; this drama was staged to celebrate the shűmei in ďsaka of Kataoka Nizaemon XV.

September 1999: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the drama "Benkei J˘shi"; the role of Owasa and Owasa's daughter Shinobu were played by Nakamura Shikan VII and Nakamura Kantar˘ II [3].

January 2000: Uzaemon played at the Kabukiza the bombastic role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the spectacular drama "Ya-no-Ne"; the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari was played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ IX. Uzaemon fell ill and had to be replaced from the 7th by his son Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VIII.

March 2001: Uzaemon performed on stage for the last time with the Onoe Kikugor˘ Gekidan, in T˘ky˘ at the Shinbashi Enbuj˘, where he played the role of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was staged to commemorate the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) and the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of the passing away of both Onoe Sh˘roku II and Onoe Baik˘ VII.

April 2001: Uzaemon appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Sh˘chikuza, where he took part in the k˘j˘ celebrating the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ X.

8 July 2001: Uzaemon died in T˘ky˘ of breathing difficulties following a lung cancer.

Comments:

Ichimura Uzaemon XVII was one of the best tachiyaku of the second half of the twentieth century, excelling in aragoto roles. He was a Kabuki icon with encyclopedic knowledge of theater traditions. The theater critic It˘ Katsuyo wrote that he was "the last heavyweight in the Kabuki world. He learned directly from the old, legendary actors".

[1] It was also the shűmei in ďsaka of Band˘ Yasosuke IV.

[2] It is interesting to note that the role of the daughter was played by the son of the actor playing the role of the mother.

[3] It is interesting to note that the role of the daughter was played by a grandson of the actor playing the role of the mother.

Ichimura Uzaemon XVII playing the role of Soga Gor˘ in the bombastic drama "Ya-no-Ne" (painting made by Hasegawa Noboru in June 1958)

The Band˘ Kamesabur˘ line of actors

The Band˘ Shinsui line of actors

The Band˘ Hikosabur˘ line of actors

The Ichimura Uzaemon line of actors and theater managers

 
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