NAKAYAMA SHINKURď I

Stage names:

Nakayama Shinkur˘ I In Japanese
Wakayama Shinkur˘ In Japanese
Nakayama Shinjűr˘ In Japanese
Nakayama Shinkur˘ I In Japanese
Nakayama Shinjűr˘ In Japanese
Nakayama Shinkur˘ I In Japanese
Nakayama Shinjűr˘ In Japanese
Anegawa Shinkur˘ In Japanese
Matsumoto Kaheiji In Japanese

Other name:

Nakayama Icch˘ I In Japanese

Guild: Izumiya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Icch˘ (1)

Existence: 1702 ~ 3rd day of the 4th lunar month of 1775 [1]

Connections:

Brother: Anegawa Shinshir˘ I

Father-in-law: Izumikawa Sennosuke

Adopted son: Nakayama Bunshichi I

Disciples: Nakayama Shinkur˘ II, Nakayama Banz˘, Nakayama Monjűr˘, Nakayama Tatsunosuke, Nakayama Hyakujir˘, Nakayama Ikumatsu, Nakayama Kamematsu, Matsuya Shinjűr˘, Hyakumura Tomokur˘ I

Career:

1702 ~ 1716: born in Kamigata. He started his career at an early age, playing under the name of Matsumoto Kaheiji in children-actors troupes (kodomo shibai). He took the name of Anegawa Shinkur˘ at an unknown date.

2nd lunar month of 1716: he took the name of Nakayama Shinjűr˘, performing in the kaomise drama "Ch˘ja Mannengura" which was produced in ďsaka by Sugiyama Heihachi and Nakamura Gentar˘.

11th lunar month of 1723: he took the name of Nakayama Shinkur˘ I in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the role of Watanabe Kingo Katsuharu in the kaomise drama "Chűshin Futaba no Matsu" which was produced by Matsushima Hy˘tar˘.

1st lunar month of 1724: Shinkur˘ achieved a great success in the same theater by playing the role of Akamatsu Sokuyű in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi".

11th lunar month of 1728: Shinkur˘ achieved a great success at the Kado no Shibai by playing the role of Hideyama Sanzaemon in the kaomise drama "Aioi Ch˘ja Sangai-gura", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1731: Shinkur˘ played the role of Yamamoto Kansuke in the drama "Takechi Jűbŕ Miyako Nishiki", which was produced in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai by Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1734: Shinkur˘ became zamoto at the Kado no Shibai, working for the nadai Shioya Kuroemon; he produced the kaomise drama "Shin Yakata In'y˘ no Ishizue" with the following line-up: Sawamura Otoemon I, Izumikawa Sennosuke, Tamiya Shirogor˘, Yamashita Matatar˘ I, Kamakura Heikur˘ I, Asao Motogor˘ I, Kirinami Takie and Matsushima Moheiji.

11th lunar month of 1736: Shinkur˘ became zamoto at the Naka no Shibai, working for the same nadai; he wrote and produced the kaomise drama "Fur˘mon Kon no Shikigawara" with the following line-up: Arashi San'emon III, Arashi Sanjűr˘ II, Sanogawa Hanazuma I, Yamashita Matatar˘ I, Nakamura Jűz˘ I and Fujikawa Heikur˘.

11th lunar month of 1737: Shinkur˘ produced at the Naka no Shibai the kaomise drama "Fukakusa-no-In Sann˘ no Maki".

8th lunar month of 1738: Shinkur˘ produced in the same theater the drama "Shinoda Zuma"; the roles of Ashiya D˘man, Abe no Yasuna and Kuzu-no-Ha were played by Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ II, Arashi San'emon III and Matsushima Hy˘tar˘.

11th lunar month of 1738: Shinkur˘ played the role of Ono Tanzaemon in the kaomise drama "Fuji Daiko Wag˘ no Shirabe", which was produced by Arashi Sangor˘ I at the Naka no Shibai.

Fall 1739: Shinkur˘ settled in Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1739: he took back the name of Nakayama Shinjűr˘, playing the role of Tamura Gennoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Oiwai N˘ Nishiki no Manmaku" which was produced in Ky˘to by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I; this kaomise program included the shosagoto "D˘j˘ji", in which Shinjűr˘ achieved a great success by performing the leading role.

11th lunar month of 1740: he went back to ďsaka, took back the name of Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and achieved a great success at the Kado no Shibai by performing in the kaomise drama "Hanaikusa Nishiki no Manmaku" and the dance "D˘j˘ji", which were produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1741: Shinkur˘ went to Edo and performed at the Nakamuraza in Hayakawa Denshir˘'s kaomise drama "En'ya Hangan Koky˘ no Nishiki"; his stage partners were Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Sanogawa Mangiku, Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘ and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I. Shinkur˘ also performed the leading role of the shosagoto "D˘j˘ji".

1st lunar month of 1742: Shinkur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

Fall 1742: Shinkur˘ went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1742: Shinkur˘ played the role of Todoroki K˘suke in the kaomise drama "Kud˘ Suketsune ďiso Gayoi", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai.

7th lunar month of 1744: Shinkur˘ played the role of the sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ in Matsuya Raisuke I's drama "Otokodate Gojitsu Kagami", which was produced at the Naka no Shibai by his brother Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. Shinkur˘ wears on stage the anegawa geta ('Anegawa wooden clogs') and the anegawa zukin ('Anegawa hood'), which started a new fashion in ďsaka when Shinshir˘ used them in the 1st lunar month of 1743 in the drama "Kurofune Isse Ichidai Otoko".

1st lunar month of 1745: Shinkur˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

9th lunar month of 1745: Shinkur˘ played the role of Yokanpei in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai; his stage partners were Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Abe no Yasuna), Nakamura Jűz˘ I (Ashiya D˘man), Ichikawa Danz˘ III (Sakon Tar˘), Arashi Shichigor˘ I (Yakanpei, Sh˘gen) and Yoshizawa Ayame II (Kuzu-no-Ha).

12th lunar month of 1745: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was performed for the first time in ďsaka, simultaneously in the three major theaters of the city, which started a competition for the best performance and line-up; Shinkur˘ played the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ at the ďnishi no Shibai [casting].

11th lunar month of 1747: he went to Ky˘to, took back the name of Nakayama Shinjűr˘ and performed in the kaomise drama "Meiken Kogane Zukuri", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I.

25th day of the 11th lunar month of 1749 [2]: his brother Anegawa Shinshir˘ I died.

1750: tour in Ise.

11th lunar month of 1750: Shinjűr˘ performed in Matsuya Raisuke I's kaomise drama "Kaikei Wag˘ Hanayakata", which was produced in Ky˘to by Miyako Handayű.

1st lunar month of 1751: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Tamamo-no-Mae Asahi no Tamoto", which was produced in Ky˘to by Miyako Handayű at his theater; Shinjűr˘ played the roles of Kazusanosuke Tsunehiro and the farmer Jűsaku [casting].

11th lunar month of 1751: Shinjűr˘ joined his adopted son Nakayama Bunshichi I, the zamoto working with the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű in another theater in Ky˘to; the two actors performed together in the kaomise drama "En no Gy˘ja ďmine Zakura".

Fall 1752: Shinkur˘ and Nakayama Bunshichi I went together to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1752: Nakayama Shinjűr˘ and Nakayama Bunshichi I respectively took the names of Wakayama Shinkur˘ and Wakayama Bunshichi at the ďnishi no Shibai, performing in the kaomise drama "Ky˘ Miyage Matsuri Zoroe" which was produced by Sanj˘ Sadasuke; their stage partners were Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I, ďtani Hirohachi I, Iwata Somematsu I, Matsushima Kiyosaki, Ichimura Sanohachi, Kirishima Gizaemon I, Kiriyama Monji I, Matsushima Moheiji, Takenaka Heikichi, Murayama Heijűr˘ IV and Nakamura Shirogor˘ III.

Fall 1755: he took back the name of Nakayama Shinkur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1756: Shinkur˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Takamura G˘suke in Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Daimatsu Kyokusuke Tanzen Ropp˘", which was produced by Daimatsu Kyokusuke.

1st lunar month of 1757: premiere at the ďnishi no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Kikigaki ďrai"; Shinkur˘ played the role of Tenjiku Tokubŕ, in reality Sh˘rinkei from K˘rai [casting].

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act maruhonmono drama "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi" in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Shinkur˘ played the roles of Shunkan and Gankutsu no Raigen [casting].

11th lunar month of 1758: Shinkur˘ played the role of Tankai S˘shin in the kaomise drama "Arigatashi Fujiwara Keizu", which was produced by his adopted son Nakayama Bunshichi I at the Kado no Shibai.

5th lunar month of 1762: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Koi Hakke Hashira Goyomi", which was a revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Shinkur˘ played the role of Gonbŕ [more details].

7th lunar month of 1763: Shinkur˘ played the roles of Kakuju and Fujiwara no Shihei in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by his adopted son Nakayama Bunshichi I at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partners were Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsu˘maru, Terukuni), Arashi Hinasuke I (Haru), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Asao Tamejűr˘ I (Hy˘e, Shund˘ Genba), Nakayama Raisuke I (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Shiratayű), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Genz˘, Sukune Tar˘), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Sakuramaru), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Chiyo, Tatsuta) and Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kan Sh˘j˘).

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrated the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of Shinkur˘'s elder brother Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. A similar play was staged one day later under a different title, "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Shinkur˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shund˘ Sukedayű [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1765: Shinkur˘ played the role of Takemura no Sadashin at the Kado no Shibai in the drama "Koi Nyobo Somewake Tazuna".

11th lunar month of 1765: Shinkur˘ played the role of Wada Shinpochi in the drama "Hana Yagura Kikigaki Taiheiki", which was produced in ďsaka by Anegawa Kikuhachi.

12th lunar month of 1766: Shinkur˘ played the role of Gonshir˘ in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was produced by Arashi Hinasuke I at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partners were Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Arashi Hinasuke I (Umegae), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Nakayama Raisuke I (Shigetada), Arashi Koroku I (Enju), Yoshizawa Ayame III (Oyoshi, Tomoe Gozen) and Arashi Shichigor˘ II (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka).

Fall 1767: Shinkur˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1767: Shinkur˘ played in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater the role of Asai Kenmotsu [illustration] in the kaomise drama "Shinchoku Fukki no Kanatoko", which was produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ III and celebrated the shűmei of Sakakiyama Koshir˘ IV and Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1768: Shinkur˘ and Nakayama Bunshichi I went together to ďsaka and performed in the kaomise drama "K˘mei Daifukuch˘", which was produced by the zamoto Mimasu Tanin I at the Naka no Shibai; Shinkur˘ played the role of the deity Fukurokuju.

Spring 1771: tour in Ise with Bunshichi, Yamamura K˘z˘ and Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I; Shinkur˘ played the roles of Yazaemon ("Sushiya") and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

9th lunar month of 1772: Shinkur˘ appeared on stage for the last time (isse ichidai performance); he played the role of Hanzaemon in the drama "Monogusa Tar˘", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I at the Kado no Shibai.

3rd day of the 4th lunar month of 1775 [1]: Shinkur˘ died.

Comments:

Nakayama Shinkur˘ I was one of the best tachiyaku of the eighteenth century. He was renowned for his great voice and the perfection of his lines delivery. Jitsugotoshi roles were his forte and he was also an outstanding jitsuaku.

[1] The 3rd day of the 4th lunar month of the4th year of the An'ei era was the 2nd of May 1775 in the western calendar.

[2] The 25th day of the 11th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Kan'en era was the 3rd of January 1750 in the western calendar.

Nakayama Shinkur˘ I in an illustration from the book "Sanga no Tsu Yakusha Meijin Furue" (1750~1752)

Prints & Illustrations

The Nakayama Icch˘ line of actors

The Nakayama Shinkur˘ line of actors

 
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