MIYAZAKI DENKICHI

Stage names:

Miyazaki Denkichi In Japanese
Miyazaki Denzabur˘ In Japanese

Existence: ???

Poetry name: Hach˘

Connections:

Son: Miyazaki Seikichi (Sakakiyama Kansuke I)

Disicples: Miyazaki Giheita, Miyazaki Dengor˘, Miyazaki Jűshir˘ I, Miyazaki Someemon

Career:

??? ~ 1669: born in Kamigata. He started his career at an unknown date, performing under the name of Miyazaki Denzabur˘. Later on, he took the name of Miyazaki Denkichi.

1669: Denkichi went to Edo and performed as a wakashugata at the Ichimuraza.

1673 ~ 1680: Denkichi performed in Ky˘to as a wakashugata.

1680: Denkichi settled in Edo.

3rd lunar month of 1683: Denkichi achieved a great success at the Moritaza by playing the role of Umezu Kamon in the drama "Nyojaku Nigabyakud˘"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I (Fuwa Banzaemon), Ichikawa Shinkur˘ (Nagoya Sanza) and Takenaka Sh˘dayű (the courtesan Katsuragi).

3rd lunar month of 1688: Denkichi played at the Yamamuraza the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the sogamono drama "Jidai Ky˘dai Soga"; his stage partner in the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune was Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I. The two actors move the 21st day of the month at the Nakamuraza to perform the same roles in the drama "Yakko Asahina ďiso Gayoi"; their stage partners in the roles of the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Asahina were Takenaka Sh˘dayű and Nakamura Denkur˘ I. This was the first Kabuki play with both the character of Asahina and a kamisuki scene between Jűr˘ and Tora.

5th lunar month of 1691: nunnery scandal involving actors and the abbess of the Kan'˘ji Temple, located in the district of Yanaka. Denkichi was put in jail for one month.

1st lunar month of 1695: Denkichi's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1695: Denkichi played at the Ichimuraza the role of Suma no Saemon in the kaomise drama "Shiki Gosho Zakura", which celebrated the arrival in Edo of the actor Mizuki Tatsunosuke I.

11th lunar month of 1699: Denkichi played at the Moritaza the role of Yamana Saemon in Mimasuya Hy˘g˘'s drama "T˘sei Okuni Kabuki"; his stage partners were Ogino Sawanoj˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, ďtani Hiroemon I and Uemura Kichisabur˘ (who came from Kamigata).

5th lunar month of 1700: Denkichi played in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the drama "Dainihon Tekkai Sennin".

2nd lunar month of 1701: Denkichi became playwright and wrote the drama "Ichinoya Jirobei", which was staged at the Moritaza.

7th lunar month of 1701: Denkichi wrote and performed in the drama "Sanze D˘j˘ji", which was staged at the Moritaza and starred ďtani Hiroemon I, Uemura Kichisabur˘, Murayama Heiemon III, Utamura Jűjir˘, Nakajima Kanzaemon I, Saigoku Hy˘suke and Sodesaki Iroha I.

2nd lunar month of 1702: Denkichi played at the Nakamuraza the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the new year sogamono drama "Akebono Soga Yoichi"; the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari was played by Nakamura Shichisabur˘ I. This drama, which mixed elements of the ak˘ r˘shi events with the Soga brothers sekai, was forbidden for "political" reasons by the authorities after 3 days of performances.

1st lunar month of 1703: Denkichi played at the Yamamuraza the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year sogamono drama "Keisei Asama Soga".

1st lunar month of 1704: Denkichi played at the Yamamuraza the role of T˘kur˘ Morinaga in the new year drama "Genji Aioi Jűnidan".

7th lunar month of 1705: Denkichi wrote and performed in the drama "Jűnidan Himitsu no Maki", which was staged at the Moritaza.

1st lunar month of 1706: Denkichi wrote and performed in the drama "Terutehime Eitaigura", which was staged in the same theater.

Fall 1710: Denkichi went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1710: Denkichi played the role of Tomoenoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Sasaki Uji ďshimadai", which was produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I for the nadai Matsumoto Nazaemon; his stage partners were Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I, Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I, Otowa Jirosabur˘ I, Band˘ Matajűr˘ I and Sodeshima Genji.

3rd lunar month of 1711: Denkichi's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1711: Denkichi became zamoto and coproduced with Ogino Yaegiri I in ďsaka the kaomise drama "Futabashira Aioi Ch˘ja".

Fall 1712: Denkichi and Ogino Yaegiri I coproduced in ďsaka the dramas "Aburaya Osome" and "Musume Koroshi". Then, Denkichi went back to Edo.

2nd lunar month of 1713: Denkichi played at the Moritaza the role of Nishikiyama ďuchinosuke in the drama "Isshin Oyako Zakura".

Spring 1715: Denkichi went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1715: Denkichi went to ďsaka and performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Saiwai Mochimaru Ch˘ja", which celebrated the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

20th day of the 11th lunar month of 1719 [1]: his disciple Hayakawa Dengor˘ died in Edo.

1st lunar month of 1721: Denkichi played in Ky˘to in the drama "Bankoku Kin no Fukujus˘", which was produced by Ogino Yaegiri I.

Spring 1721: Denkichi played in the same theater in the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Mirume no Seki". This was most likely his last performance on stage. No record afterwards.

Comments:

Miyazaki Denkichi was an Edo stage giant during the Genroku period, sharing almost the same level of fame as the actors Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ I or Nakamura Denkur˘ I. He was at his best in yatsushi, jitsugotoshi or bud˘goto roles. His best role was Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari (sogamono), which he played in 17 new year dramas.

"He was put in prison with other actors in connection with a scandal in a nunnery. The abbess of the institution was a favourite at the Sh˘gun's Court, and in consequence of her high position, and because the entrance of the despised playfolks within her female fold was regarded as a laxity of moral practice that deserved high punishment, she was sentenced to death and the actors were imprisoned. Miyazaki Denkichi played on the stages of the three towns, but died in obscurity, very likely as a result of his irregular life." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 20th day of the 11th lunar month of the 4th year of the Ky˘h˘ era was the 30th of December 1719 in the western calendar.

Miyazaki Denkichi

 
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