MIYAZAKI DENKICHI

Stage names:

Miyazaki Denkichi
Miyazaki Denzabur˘

Existence: ???

Poetry name: Hach˘

Connections:

Son: Miyazaki Seikichi (Sakakiyama Kansuke I)

Disicples: Miyazaki Giheita, Miyazaki Jűshir˘ I, Miyazaki Someemon, Miyazaki Dengor˘

Career:

??? ~ 1669: born in Kamigata. He starts his career at an unknown date, performing under the name of Miyazaki Denzabur˘. Later on, he takes the name of Miyazaki Denkichi.

1669: Denkichi goes to Edo and performs as a wakashugata at the Ichimuraza.

1673 ~ 1680: Denkichi performs in Ky˘to as a wakashugata.

1680: Denkichi settles in Edo.

3rd lunar month of 1683: Denkichi achieves a great success at the Moritaza by playing the role of Umezu Kamon in the drama "Nyojaku Nigabyakud˘". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I (Fuwa Banzaemon), Ichikawa Shinkur˘ (Nagoya Sanza) and Takenaka Sh˘dayű (the courtesan Katsuragi).

3rd lunar month of 1688: Denkichi plays the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the drama "Jidai Ky˘dai Soga", which is staged at the Yamamuraza. His stage partner in the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune is Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I. The two actors move the 21st of the month at the Nakamuraza to play the same roles in the drama "Yakko Asahina ďiso Gayoi". Their stage partners in the roles of the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Asahina are Takenaka Sh˘dayű and Nakamura Denkur˘ I. This is the first Kabuki play with both the character of Asahina and a kamisuki scene between Jűr˘ and Tora.

5th lunar month of 1691: nunnery scandal involving actors and the abbess of the Kan'˘ji Temple, located in the district of Yanaka. Denkichi is put in jail for one month.

1st lunar month of 1695: Denkichi's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1695: Denkichi plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Suma no Saemon in the kaomise drama "Shiki Gosho Zakura", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the actor Mizuki Tatsunosuke I.

11th lunar month of 1699: Denkichi plays at the Moritaza the role of Yamana Saemon in Mimasuya Hy˘g˘'s drama "T˘sei Okuni Kabuki". His stage partners are Ogino Sawanoj˘, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, ďtani Hiroemon I and Uemura Kichisabur˘ (who arrives from Kamigata).

5th lunar month of 1700: Denkichi plays in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the drama "Dainihon Tekkai Sennin".

2nd lunar month of 1701: Denkichi becomes playwright and writes the drama "Ichinoya Jirobei", which is staged at the Moritaza.

7th lunar month of 1701: Denkichi writes and plays in the drama "Sanze D˘j˘ji", which is staged at the Moritaza and stars ďtani Hiroemon I, Uemura Kichisabur˘, Murayama Heiemon III, Utamura Jűjir˘, Nakajima Kanzaemon I, Saigoku Hy˘suke and Sodesaki Iroha I.

2nd lunar month of 1702: Denkichi plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the drama "Akebono Soga Yoichi"; the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari is played by Nakamura Shichisabur˘ I. This drama, which mixes elements of the ak˘ r˘shi events with the Soga brothers sekai, is forbidden for "political" reasons by the authorities after 3 days of performances.

1st lunar month of 1703: Denkichi plays at the Yamamuraza the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year drama "Keisei Asama Soga".

1st lunar month of 1704: Denkichi plays at the Yamamuraza the role of T˘kur˘ Morinaga in the new year drama "Genji Aioi Jűnidan".

7th lunar month of 1705: Denkichi writes and plays in the drama "Jűnidan Himitsu no Maki", which is staged at the Moritaza.

1st lunar month of 1706: Denkichi writes and plays in the drama "Terutehime Eitaigura", which is staged in the same theater.

Fall 1710: Denkichi goes to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1710: Denkichi plays the role of Tomoenoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Sasaki Uji ďshimadai", which is produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I for the nadai Matsumoto Nazaemon. Denkichi's stage partners are Sakakiyama Koshir˘ I, Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I, Otowa Jirosabur˘ I, Band˘ Matajűr˘ I and Sodeshima Genji.

3rd lunar month of 1711: Denkichi's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1711: Denkichi becomes zamoto and coproduces with Ogino Yaegiri I in ďsaka the drama "Futabashira Aioi Ch˘ja".

Fall 1712: Denkichi and Ogino Yaegiri I coproduce in ďsaka the dramas "Aburaya Osome" and "Musume Koroshi". Then, Denkichi goes back to Edo.

2nd lunar month of 1713: Denkichi plays at the Moritaza the role of Nishikiyama ďuchinosuke in the drama "Isshin Oyako Zakura".

Spring 1715: Denkichi goes to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1715: Denkichi goes to ďsaka and plays in the kaomise drama "Saiwai Mochimaru Ch˘ja", which celebrates the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1721: Denkichi plays in Ky˘to in the drama "Bankoku Kin no Fukujus˘", which is produced by Ogino Yaegiri I.

Spring 1721: Denkichi plays in the same theater in the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Mirume no Seki". This is most likely his last performance on stage.

Comments:

Miyazaki Denkichi was an Edo stage giant during the Genroku period, sharing almost the same level of fame as the actors Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ I or Nakamura Denkur˘ I. He was at his best in yatsushi, jitsugotoshi or bud˘goto roles. His best role was Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari (sogamono), which he played in 17 new year dramas.

"He was put in prison with other actors in connection with a scandal in a nunnery. The abbess of the institution was a favourite at the Sh˘gun's Court, and in consequence of her high position, and because the entrance of the despised playfolks within her female fold was regarded as a laxity of moral practice that deserved high punishment, she was sentenced to death and the actors were imprisoned. Miyazaki Denkichi played on the stages of the three towns, but died in obscurity, very likely as a result of his irregular life." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Miyazaki Denkichi

 
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